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Abraham Lincoln

Last mentioned in Illinois : IL : USA
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Abraham Lincoln's Biography

(February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led the country through its greatest constitutional, military and moral crisis—the American Civil War—preserving the Union while ending slavery and promoting economic modernization. Reared in a poor family on the western frontier, he was mostly self-educated. He became a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives but failed in two attempts at a seat in the United States Senate. He was an affectionate, though often absent, husband and father of four children. Lincoln was an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery in the United States, which he deftly articulated in his campaign debates and speeches.

As a result, he secured the Republican nomination and was elected president in 1860. After war began, following declarations of secession by southern slave states, he concentrated on both the military and political dimensions of the war effort, seeking to reunify the nation. He vigorously exercised unprecedented war powers, including the arrest and detention without trial of thousands of suspected secessionists. He issued his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoted the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery. Lincoln closely supervised the war effort, especially the selection of top generals, including Ulysses S. Grant. He brought leaders of various factions of his party into his cabinet and pressured them to cooperate. He defused a confrontation with Britain in the Trent affair late in 1861. Under his leadership, the Union took control of the border slave states at the start of the war and tried repeatedly to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond. Each time a general failed, Lincoln substituted another until finally Grant succeeded in 1865. A shrewd politician deeply involved with patronage and power issues in each state, he reached out to War Democrats and managed his own reelection in the 1864 presidential election. As the leader of the moderate faction of the Republican party, Lincoln came under attack from all sides. Radical Republicans wanted harsher treatment of the South, Democrats desired more compromise, and secessionists saw him as their enemy.

Lincoln fought back with patronage, by pitting his opponents against each other, and by appealing to the American people with his powers of oratory; for example, his Gettysburg Address of 1863 became one of the most quoted speeches in American history. It was an iconic statement of America's dedication to the principles of nationalism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy. At the close of the war, Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction, seeking to speedily reunite the nation through a policy of generous reconciliation in the face of lingering and bitter divisiveness. Just six days after the decisive surrender of the commanding general of the Confederate army, Lincoln was shot and killed, the first U.S. president to be assassinated. Lincoln has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. presidents.

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Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
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Abraham Lincoln News Stories

  • Check and Mate

      News Source: Canadian Free Press | 8 hours ago
    We have allowed hubris abroad and greed at home to lead us down the same path...Taylor also said , If asymmetrical warfare is going to be successful, the first thing that has to be done is to compromise America's defenses against invasion because
  • Manchester to have first statue of woman since Queen Victoria

      News Source: Guardian Unlimited | 1 day ago
    Currently the only statue of a woman in Manchester city centre is Queen Victoria in Piccadilly Gardens; the remaining 15 statues represent men, from the Duke of Wellington to Abraham Lincoln. Photograph: Alamy Manchester is to get its first statue of
  • Are future presidents doomed to mediocrity?

      News Source: Japan Times | 2 days ago
    A nice catch to presidency scholar Matthew Dickinson for a very nice takedown of a Chris Cillizza column that claimed: Being president is the most powerful job in the world...In particular, Dickinson addressed the assertion that the U.S. presidency

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