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Abraham Lincoln

Last mentioned in Illinois : IL : USA
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Abraham Lincoln's Biography

(February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led the country through its greatest constitutional, military and moral crisis—the American Civil War—preserving the Union while ending slavery and promoting economic modernization. Reared in a poor family on the western frontier, he was mostly self-educated. He became a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives but failed in two attempts at a seat in the United States Senate. He was an affectionate, though often absent, husband and father of four children. Lincoln was an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery in the United States, which he deftly articulated in his campaign debates and speeches.

As a result, he secured the Republican nomination and was elected president in 1860. After war began, following declarations of secession by southern slave states, he concentrated on both the military and political dimensions of the war effort, seeking to reunify the nation. He vigorously exercised unprecedented war powers, including the arrest and detention without trial of thousands of suspected secessionists. He issued his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoted the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery. Lincoln closely supervised the war effort, especially the selection of top generals, including Ulysses S. Grant. He brought leaders of various factions of his party into his cabinet and pressured them to cooperate. He defused a confrontation with Britain in the Trent affair late in 1861. Under his leadership, the Union took control of the border slave states at the start of the war and tried repeatedly to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond. Each time a general failed, Lincoln substituted another until finally Grant succeeded in 1865. A shrewd politician deeply involved with patronage and power issues in each state, he reached out to War Democrats and managed his own reelection in the 1864 presidential election. As the leader of the moderate faction of the Republican party, Lincoln came under attack from all sides. Radical Republicans wanted harsher treatment of the South, Democrats desired more compromise, and secessionists saw him as their enemy.

Lincoln fought back with patronage, by pitting his opponents against each other, and by appealing to the American people with his powers of oratory; for example, his Gettysburg Address of 1863 became one of the most quoted speeches in American history. It was an iconic statement of America's dedication to the principles of nationalism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy. At the close of the war, Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction, seeking to speedily reunite the nation through a policy of generous reconciliation in the face of lingering and bitter divisiveness. Just six days after the decisive surrender of the commanding general of the Confederate army, Lincoln was shot and killed, the first U.S. president to be assassinated. Lincoln has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. presidents.

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Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
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Abraham Lincoln News Stories

  • Vote: Are we an oligarchy? | Jon Talton

      News Source: Seattle Times | 24 hours ago
    Analysis and commentary on economic news, trends and issues, with an emphasis on Seattle and the Northwest...Posted by Jon Talton Abraham Lincoln, like many of the Founding Fathers before him, knew that government of the people, by the people and for
  • Getting to know Jesus as a man

      News Source: The Age | 1 day ago
    Jesus identified unambiguously with the outcast and downtrodden; He also elevated the idea of forgiveness.' Good Friday has meaning to me. Each Good Friday, I stop and contemplate the image of a plank strapped across the twisted trunk of an old tree
  • House committee OKs $100 million for Obama library

      News Source: Chicago Tribune | 2 days ago
    An Illinois House committee endorsed a plan today to contribute $100 million in state funds toward construction of a Barack Obama presidential library in Chicago. The proposal, pushed by House Speaker Michael Madigan, goes to the full House next.

Abraham Lincoln Blogs

  • How Abraham Lincoln Mastered Collaboration: 4 Key Elements .....

      Blog Source: leadershipwatch-aadboot.com | 9 hours ago
    What can we learn from Abraham Lincoln when it comes to collaboration? Today in 1865, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, and it so happens that the highest standard of powerful collaboration I know was set by Lincoln and his Secretary of ...
  • The Diary of a Public Man and Abraham Lincoln | Student of ...

      Blog Source: studycivilwar.wordpress.com | 9 hours ago
    This is a lecture given by historian Daniel Crofts on March 3, 2011 at the Virginia Historical Society. In it, he recounts the "Diary of a Public Man," published in four installments by the North American Review in 1879. He places the diary
  • Grave Sightings: Abraham Lincoln | Mental Floss

      Blog Source: mentalfloss.com | 9 hours ago
    One hundred and forty-nine years ago today, Abraham Lincoln breathed his last on a bed in William Petersen's boarding house, across the street from Ford's Theater. But you already know that story. This isn't the story of Lincoln's

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