Researchers expect traditional cigarette smoking to cause 1 billion deaths during the 21st century through cardiac and lung disease. Electronic cigarettes have been marketed in recent years as a safer habit for smokers. Dr Konstantinos Farsalinos from Greece presented his findings on electronic cigarettes versus traditional cigarettes at the 2012 European Society of Cardiology in Germany this past weekend. August 27, 2012
Researchers expect traditional cigarette smoking to cause 1 billion deaths during the 21st century through cardiac and lung disease. Electronic cigarettes have been marketed in recent years as a safer habit for smokers. Dr Konstantinos Farsalinos from Greece presented his findings on electronic cigarettes versus traditional cigarettes at the 2012 European Society of Cardiology in Germany this past weekend. Dr. Farsalinos conducted a study to compare the acute effects of regular cigarettes on cardiac function with those of electronic cigarettes, since they are growing in popularity and becoming an alternative habit.
Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigs as they are popularly known, are a high-tech, non-flammable solution for obtaining nicotine without exposure to tobacco. Smokers enjoy a dose of vaporized liquid nicotine solution and exhale water vapor that resembles a puff of smoke, providing a physical sensation and flavor akin to inhaled tobacco smoke. A South Beach Smoke electronic cigarette contains no tobacco, smoke, tar or carcinogens – the most detrimental components of standard cigarettes.
The liquids found in an electronic cigarette, after laboratory analyses, have shown to be less toxic than traditional cigarettes. Most studies found that electronic cigarettes have no nitrosamines, but the studies that did find nitrosamines in an electronic cigarette were at levels that were 500-1400 times less than the amount present in one tobacco cigarette. Meaning, if an electronic cigarette is used daily, for four to 12 months, then the amount of nitrosamines present will be the same as a single tobacco cigarette.
The study measured the myocardial function in 20 healthy young daily smokers aged 25-45 before and after smoking one traditional cigarette with 22 daily experienced e-cig users similar to age, before and after using an e-cig for 7 minutes. The researchers found that smoking one single tobacco cigarette led to a significant acute myocardial dysfunction while the electronic cigarette had no acute adverse effect on cardiac function.
According to the study by Dr. Farsalinos, “Smoking a tobacco cigarette had important hemodynamic consequences, with significant increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and in heart rate. In contrast, electronic cigarettes produced only a slight elevation in diastolic blood pressure.” Dr Farsalinos said: “This is an indication that although nicotine was present in the liquid used (11mg/ml), it is absorbed at a lower rate compared to regular cigarette smoking.”
Heart disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in smokers. Forty percent of deaths in smokers is due to coronary artery disease alone.
A representative from South Beach Smoke electronic cigarettes stated, “We are elated to see research being done on electronic cigarettes that confirms our stance that e-cigs are a better smoking alternative to traditional cigs. We can only hope that with continued research, more and more individuals will decide to toss out their traditional cigarettes and pick up an e-cig.”
Dr. Farsalinos said “It is too early to say whether the electronic cigarette is a revolution in tobacco harm reduction but the potential is there. It is the only available product that deals with both the chemical (nicotine delivery) and psychological (inhaling and exhaling ‘smoke’, holding it, etc) addiction to smoking, laboratory analyses indicate that it is significantly less toxic and our study has shown no significant defects in cardiac function after acute use.” He continued, “… considering the extreme hazards associated with cigarette smoking, currently available data suggest that electronic cigarettes are far less harmful and substituting tobacco with electronic cigarettes may be beneficial to health.”
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