A growing number of democratic states often fought successfully to poverty. This is an opportunity for development cooperation.
Misery, violence, corruption, economic backwardness and poor governance: not only the current famine in East Africa shapes our image of Africa. But this is a distorted impression of our neighboring continent, because it looks as if a growing number of states can overcome the vicious cycle of poverty.In recent years, a group of about fifteen sub-Saharan Africa has achieved remarkable progress. A recent McKinsey study even of the African Lions on the Move
Countries such as Botswana, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Sierra Leone and Cape Verde could in the past decade, the gross national product per capita by about four percent per year increase.Also in Togo, Benin, Ghana and Burkina Faso, poverty could be reduced significantly. These countries during the world economic crisis of the past three years has grown remarkably robust.
What happened? First, the number of democracies in sub-Saharan Africa since 1989 has increased from three to 23. At the same time the number of conflicts has declined. Gradually improved in the African countries, the growth of governance. Also, the economic policies have stabilized over the past years. Inflation has fallen across the board, public finances have been restored, reduced trade deficits.Between 2000 and 2010, all African countries except Zimbabwe, its Human Development Index increase - albeit starting from very low levels.
In this process, new actors have emerged: modern politicians who are no longer marked by the logic of the Cold War; attentive civil societies that can also benefit from new communication technologies, as currently in North Africa shows, dynamic company, to develop opportunities in the World economic use.
Dynamics, resources exports
The dynamics in the group of growing African economies, however, has to do with changes in the global economy. The growth in Asia increases the demand for raw materials, energy and land for food production in the future.In this context, the resource-rich Africa has grown in importance.
African exports to China explode, Chinese direct investment in Africa are rising sharply. The emerging resource constraints in a growing world economy and the growing interest of developing countries in Africa have made the continent of Europe also interesting.
Is the growth of African countries growth sustainable? Some of the trends outlined basis for optimism. So there are chances that a whole group of countries is sustainable pathways out of poverty. Of these, could be an important stimulus for independent economic development in Africa emanate a whole.