This is Erbil - the fourth largest city in Iraq after capital Baghdad, Basra and Mosul cities. The city is located to the north of Baghdad. It is the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan Region.
Erbil is one of the world's oldest cities. It has been a continously inhabited city throughout history since its foudation. According to archeologists and hstrians, the city's urban life dates back to some 8,000 years ago.
The city has seen many diffierent eras, including the rule of the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Arabs, and Ottomans. At the heart of the city stands its grlorious ancient Citadel of Erbil.
The Citadel is a tell or occupied mound, in the historical heart of Erbil, rising between about 30 metres from the surrounding plain. The buildings on top of the tell stretch over a roughly oval area of 430 by 340 metres occupying 102,000 square metres.
Other than the Erbil Citadel, there are other major sightings that add to the beauty ofthe city such as Qaisari Market and the ancient Minaret of Erbil.
The Qaisari Market, sometimes known as Kaisary market, lies below the main entrance to the citadel and stocks mainly household goods and tools. while the minaret, known as the Mudhafariyah minaret, 36 m high, dates back to the late 12th century AD and the reign of ruler of Erbil, Sultan Mudhaffar Al-Din Abu Sa’eed Al-Kawkaboori.
The minaret has an octagonal base decorated with two tiers of niches, which is separated from the main shaft by a small balcony, also decorated. Another historical minaret with turquoise glazed tiles is nearby.