The government must start on Monday the first tender for the installation of 600 wind turbines at sea on five selected sites off the coast of the Channel and Atlantic, which should be operational in 2015.
"I cast the tender Monday on offshore wind with the goal of producing six gigawatts, or 6,000 megawatts in 2020 and 3,000 megawatts (MW) and especially now more than 10,000 jobs expected," France2 on Friday said the Minister of Ecology and Sustainable Developement, Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet.
The five sites cover an area of 533 km2 Tréport (Seine- , Somme) with 110 km2 and a maximum power of 750 MW, Fecamp (Seine-Maritime) with 88 km2 and a power of 500 MW, Courseulles-sur- Mer (Calvados) with 77 km2 and 500 MW, Saint-Brieuc (Côtes d? Armor) with 180 km2 and 500 MW and Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique) with 78 km2 to 750 MW.
The list of selected files should be announced early 2012, as well as launching a second bid for the second phase of the project.
Announced in late January, the offshore wind project is part of the goal set by the Grenelle Environment Forum, to devote 23% of the energy consumed in 2020 on renewable sources. Of the 25,000 MW produced by wind, 6000 MW must come from some 1,200 installations at sea These should provide 3.5% of the electricity consumed in France.
Today, onshore wind provides less than 2% of French consumption.
The total investment was calculated at 20 billion euros funded ultimately by the consumer as a contribution to public service electricity (CSPE), the government said. It will be noted between 2015 and 2020 and should then be a surcharge of 25 euros per household per year.
For the Minister of Ecology, the project is also promising in terms of economic development with "more than 10,000 jobs because we expected everything to be an industry leading global offshore wind."
In view of this tender, the major industry players, public and scientists in the region Nantes-Saint Nazaire have already established a complete chain, called Marine renewable energy (EMR), for the future wind farm at sea brings together more than 200 companies and 27 institutional partners.
Other similar initiatives are underway around the Normandy ports in Brittany and Normandy Associates with the business combination Britain Pole Naval pilot who, according to the union of renewable energy, the development of an industrial Fillière specializing in energy marine renewables.
Finally, before any construction of wind farms, fishermen gathered in the National Fisheries Committee have recently renewed their request "to be associated with location decisions."