The lack of opportunity for young people affects and undermines any society for the simple reason that unemployment and high youth unemployment strongly contributes to increased violence, prostitution, drug use and addiction, creating a level of social vulnerability that, in some countries, threatens stability and economic progress.
Compounded by poor standards of education and by the insufficiency and deficiency of basic education, youth unemployment is the root of many social ills. Above all, education is the key factor in boosting the economic and social development of a country. Low investment in education means that many countries walk blindly into mediocrity, carrying the weight of a population weakened by lack of knowledge.
It is a fact that globalization with all its benefits not democratised and much less reduce inequalities.
Globalization and capitalism bring many job opportunities for the present world, but opportunities for those who have the knowledge and especially for those who know to apply it, so many posts existing work today, are no longer employed the because the available workforce has no minimum educational requirements for occupy them. In Brazil, the main factors that exacerbate this problem are: the insertion of the Brazilian economy in the international market in a more competitive way, the process of economic restructuring and privatization and technological and organizational changes that have altered the occupational structure and profiles skills.
These are perhaps the main reason why the rich get richer and the poor become poorer in South America.
The educational deficiencies in many countries are currently a major obstacle to increased rates of sustainable economic growth because in any country, the educational system needs to be effective. It must meet the triple role of education in order to respond to the changing priorities of knowledge, science and technology and provide the social and educational support necessary to keep the underprivileged youth motivated in school - and providing guidance to young people, so that they can insert themselves into the labor market.
The lack of structure means gaining the first job and remaining in the labor market is increasingly difficult for the young Brazilian.
The educational and vocational institutions have a fundamental responsibility in increasing the employability of their students across two main areas: curriculum adaptation and promotion of opportunities for first jobs.
Youth unemployment endangers the development of society, to the extent that it forces young people to delay entry into the labor market and increases dependence on family and public policy. Currently in Brazil, three verbs are part of the vocabulary and the action of employers: profit, flexible and restructure. In this context, the social group that suffers most from the evils of capitalism is youth. What it takes to be the holder of four factors: uncertainty, unemployment, instability and neglect of the government, which offers few initiatives to alleviate the plight of first employment.
A possible solution to youth unemployment on a global scale may be delaying the entry into the labor market through the implementation of policies that increase formal schooling to ensure qualifications. However, this is only possible through instruments of income security for youth. Another kind of viable solution is the development of employment policies, that make it easier to integrate young people into the labor market, especially the creation of formal employment, guaranteeing rights and social security.