BUJUMBURA - The people of Burundi on Friday celebrated the 49th anniversary of the independence of the country, gained independence on 1 July 1962 is difficult due to political struggle led by the head of Burundians whom was Prince Louis Rwagasore .
Burundi's independence was gained in a hurry like most other African countries who had progressive parties like the party Union for National Progress (UPRONA) Prince Louis Rwagasore. Facing him, there was the common front that included the Burundian parties of obedience was against Belgian immediate independence.
On January 27, 1961, the Belgians oversaw the elections in Burundi where the party participated UPRONA and the Common Front, elections were won by the Common Front under the influence of the colonizing country, Belgium.
On September 18, 1961 was the round of legislative elections supervised by the United Nations and won by UPRONA, which led the country's independence, proclaimed on 1 July 1962.
The father of independence, murdered October 13, 1961, was unable to see the country's independence. This assassination will be followed later by other bloody events in 1965, 1972 and 1993.
The speech at his party's victory in the legislative made the Prince Louis Rwagasore immortal. According to Professor analyst of political speeches, Gertrude Kazoviyo, "the speech through all time."
The speech "was inspired by what we live" and "is considered food and should be released each day as we eat every day," he said.
The speech calmed the losers and the winners of these elections and castigated the criminals who dreamed to disrupt his program. He castigated as predators of public money, the perpetrators of human rights and put forward the values of humanism, patriotism and leadership.
49 years later, many Burundians regret the mismanagement of the content of speech is yet Rwagasore referenced by the highest authorities of the country in many circumstances.
On the eve of 50th anniversary of independence, the party of independence back on this speech and urged the authorities to sit down together to remove all imperfections observed.
"I think his speech should call upon all Burundians to enable them to report any form of malpractice, killings and threats, officials must begin by the President of the Republic can sit together to say that We're fed up with these people who steal and incite violence especially that we are on the eve of 50th anniversary of independence. That way we will be preparing the future of our offspring "said Bonaventure Niyoyankana, UPRONA party chairman, a party that may burst into two wings today, a wing of those in institutions and another which is against the present institutions of the country.
Violence are reported in some parts of the country, particularly in Bujumbura Rural, Bubanza in west of the country and in Ruyigi and Cankuzo in the east.
The League of Human Rights Iteka estimated 200 people were killed over the past two months.
In the province of Bujumbura rural populations suffer from extreme poverty due to a long period of war and insecurity that is being gained 95%.
In his address to the nation on the occasion of this 49th anniversary, President has promised the people of this province after two months of May and June of peace, he will spend three years in this province development.
"We will now spend the next three years to community development in Bujumbura, because it is closely related to the consolidation of security," said President Nkurunziza who "very much regret the fact that there are still people who, in their words, justify insecurity in Bujumbura. "
The President of FRODEBU and simultaneously president of the ADC-Ikibiri which includes opposition parties, Leonce Ngendakumana, welcomed the proposal of the Head of State and in turn promised to be with him This he did not do during the two months of peace, always advancing an argument that the campaign was a trompe l'oeil.
Leonce Ngendakumana regrets that more than 50% of the state budget comes from outside and more than 90% of the means to organize the elections also come from abroad.
To reduce dependence on donor funds, the Burundi head of state urged Burundians to be heavily involved in what he calls community service in which people built schools, health centers, hospitals , roads, playgrounds and universities.
"We appeal to everyone for a strong involvement in community service in order not to reach out, as some friendly countries of Burundi through an economic crisis now pushing their citizens to ask their respective governments to stop aid for poor countries to face the economic challenges brought about the global economic crisis that is worsening unemployment, "said President Nkurunziza in his speech to the nation.