The study focuses on two alleged incidents in October and February. Accident third video brought to Mr. Galliano at Dior and loses his job.
If convicted, Mr. Galliano could face six months in prison and a fine of € 22,500 (£ 20,000).
It is expected to argue that because he lost control of drug abuse.
Galliano, dressed in black with a mustache, was taken into the courtroom through a back door - it made no comment to reporters waiting.
He is charged with "public insults on the basis of origin, religion, race or ethnic origin".
His lawyer, Aurélien Hamel, said his client wanted to "apologize to the people he insulted."
"He wants to be forgiven, and once summer is over, you want to rebuild. He wants to rebuild both professionally and personally, and he will think about the future of his career."
Lord Hamelle hoped "forgiven the man who is ill."
Mr. Galliano's behavior has repeatedly apologized "unreservedly" and filed for his addiction.