Vultures in India have joined in the category of ‘endangered species’, especially in South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh. Vulturs, that are generally known as ‘natural scavangers’, their population has massively declined in India and almost disappeard in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The Andhra Pradesh Forest Department realized this recently and found that the dead bodies of the animals when eaten by the vultures is becoming main cause for the death of Vultures especially in Andhra Pradesh state, as the dead bodies of animals’ skin is containing ‘dicolfenac’ drug which is an anti-inflammatory veternity medicines that is used for the veternity purpose of animals. “Dicolfenac” is entering in the bodies, when eaten by Vultures and showing devastating affect on the kidneys of Vultures, resulting in the decline of reproductive capacity of Vultures and death of Vultures as well. Even one percent of remains of ‘dicolfenac’ in the carcass would cause immediate death of Vulture, when eaten by it. Eventhough the Government has prohibited usage of ‘dicolfenac’ in Livestock veterinary purpose it is being indiscriminately used by live stock developers in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Almost 10% of ‘dicolfenac’ is found in the carcasses of animal in Andhra Pradesh.
As the Vulture population in the state of Andhra Pradesh almost disappeared, the Forest Department and Wild Life Protection Society have initiated an ‘Action Plan’ to preserve the Vultures if any found in the state and announced Rupees 2,00,000 lakhs (U.S. $ 4,600) if Vultures’ whereabouts in the state are informed by anyone to the Forest Officials in the state. Vultures maintain the eco-system by eating the dead bodies of animals or humans bodies. In the Towers of Silence in Mumbai and in the ‘Parsigutta’ in the Hyderabad where Parsis throw the dead bodies of their religious people usually Vultures are found flying in hundreds in number, but Vultures are not found since last five years in these places too, as a result of this, Parsis/Zorastrians are not able to perform the last rites of dead bodies as per their religious culture.