Climate change has become one of the main enemy of the Arctic continent. How not, the conditions created by environmental pollution has the potential to disrupt ecosystems there.
It is estimated that, later in the year 2100, the trees will spread as far as 500 km to the north of the continent is covered with perennial ice.
This situation would make ice in the Arctic ocean is easy to melt. Furthermore, changes in soil structure that occur will attract other species of trees from the South such as pine trees, or animals such as foxes moving toward the North.
"Changes like this happen more quickly than we anticipated ten years ago," said Aevar Petersen, chairman of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), as quoted from Scientific American, May 14, 2011.
"From now to 2100 to come, the scientists expect the trees will move up to 500 km to the North of the Antarctic continent," said Petersen.
When this happens, Petersen asserted, then half the tundra (in polar ice fields), which spread from Siberia to Canada will disappear.
According to Peterson, in some places, pine trees shrubs from the South has taken over the position of grass, moss, and moss tundra. "The trees spread northward rapidly," said Peterson.
For information, CAFF is supported by the Board of Antarctica which consists of the United States, Russia, Canada, and the five Nordic countries. Currently, foreign ministers of these countries have agreed to enhance regional cooperation to anticipate this situation.
Other experts said the timber companies like Stora ENSO or Abiti will not be benefited by this climate change. Because the conditions of good plant area also has the potential to bring in pests that many forest fires.
Warming is happening in Artic is two times faster than the global warming. This is because the exposure of soil due to melting ice or dark-colored water would absorb more solar heat.
"If the ice melts, we are worried about polar bears," said Petersen. "It's really no place to move," he continued. "An international report last week projecting that Artic losing ice at 30 to 40 years." (Eh)