The unauthorized copying of software. Most retail programs are licensed for use at just one computer site or for use by only one user at any time. By buying the software, you become a rather than an owner. You are allowed to make copies of the program for backup purposes, but it is against the law to give copies to friends and colleagues.
Software piracy is all but impossible to stop, although software companies are launching more and more lawsuits against major infracts. Originally, software companies tried to stop software piracy by copy-protecting their software. This strategy failed, however, because it was inconvenient for users and was not 100 percent foolproof. Most software now requires some sort of registration, which may discourage would-be pirates, but doesn't really stop software piracy.
Some common types of software piracy include counterfeit software
, OEM unbundling
, hard disk loading
, corporate software piracy
, and Internet software piracy
An entirely different approach to software piracy, called , acknowledges the futility of trying to stop people from copying software and instead relies on people's honesty. Shareware publishers encourage users to give copies of programs to friends and colleagues but ask everyone who uses a program regularly to pay a registration fee to the program's author directly.
Commercial programs that are made available to the public illegally are often called . While there has been an increase in the global rate of software piracy. India has shown a marginal decline in the same for the year 2010. The commercial value of software piracy grew by 14% globally last year to a record total of $58.8 billion. However, in India, it declined to 64% from 65% in 2009, according to the 2010 BSA Global Software Piracy Study.
The trend of piracy rate decline in India is positive for the industry. End users in India value the fact that software has been developed with great efforts. There is a need to spread awareness on piracy. A lot of end users are not clear on the legitimate and illegitimate use of software. BSA estimates show that the commercial value of unlicensed software installed on personal computers in India touched $2.739 billion in 2010, whereas the global losses stood at$59 billion.
The study found Georgia has the highest piracy rate of 93%, while the lowest was observed in the US, Japan and Luxembourg at 20%.
Source: http://www.webopedia.com http://economictimes.indiatimes.com
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