The conflict torn Jammu and kashmir seems all set to witness yet another deadly summer. The unfolding of recent events has created a tense situation in Kashmir valley which saw anti-India and pro-Independence mass protests for three consecutive years. Recently government has issued a special certificate "Dogra certificate" to the residents of Hindu majority province Jammu which is looked upon as attempt to give permanent residence to non state subjects, giving rise to tensions. Two days before a moderate separatist leader and the prominent religious scholar Moulana Showkat Shah was assasinated leading to protests and shutdown in the Muslim majority Kashmir valley.
In the summer of 2008, the local administrations decision to give 800 Hectares of forest land to the Hindu temple, a move which was seen aimed to bring demographic change in the Muslim majority Kashmir Valley, bringing people on roads to protest. The protests were further fuelled by the killing of senior pro-freedom leader Sheikh Abdul Aziz and killing of over 50 protestors.
In 2009, the murder and rape of two women in the Shopian Kashmir allegedly by Indian forces brought people on roads demanding impartial probe which then turned into pro-freedom rallies.
Last summer was the deadliest which saw killing of 118 protestors, mainly teenagers demanding freedom from India by Indian forces. The protests were triggered by the fake encounter of three innocent youth by Indian Army in Kupwara area and passing them as millitants for promotions and killing of teenager Tufail Ahmad Mattoo by police tearshell.
The erstwhile princely state of British empire Jammu and Kashmir is a disputed territory divided between India, Pakistan and China, which is claimed by both India and Pakistan fully. The two nuclear rivals have fought two of their three wars over Kashmir.