Reviewing education system in Islamic republic of Iran
after unseating and overthrowing the Pahlavi regime and arrival of the Islamic government to power in Iran; perhaps one of the most rapid changes and reforms in the country's education system was revealed. The closure of educational consecutive Due to disturbances and chaos caused by the revolution, came down the quality level of education and removing many parts of the textbooks were causes of the quantity decline.
This happened a few years later due to not develop and publish a new course books, and removed materials, education system continued in leakage.
Major changes with extensive material removal and replacement of the few issues ago, went to new lessons about history, literature, social sciences and the religious.
Lack of proper planning and lack of specialists in compiling and publishing textbooks, sometimes delivering books to the middle of each school year draws to a reason which was wrong on the management, academic failure and frustration, and no motive probably asking.
Also impose such courses in Arabic, the Quran, the Islamic vision and changing major subjects in history books and especially on new accessories in the books of Persian literature; targeted to the educational system gave way in which Islamic undertake graduates must replace specialist graduates. Many times this slogan has been pressed as educational system main purpose.
During the period of erosion and destructive war with Iraq, the education atmosphere departed more from the original space, then front and the war seemed to be values. Encourage young people to drop out of school and sent to fight in the military training and dissemination at scientific and research sites, was another fatal blow on education figures brought into the country. Great number of war dead among students and collegians confirms this.
The system performance during training Islamic regime can be analyzed in three axes:
First axis: brainwashing kids in elementary school and middle school level by the ceremony and unnecessarily tough morning, congregational prayers, chants instill hatred of the enemy causing hypothetical, for organizing and conducting various demonstrations and make them interested in the ‘Ashoura’ culture, religious prejudice and religious superstition.
Second axis: control and pressure on high school youth to avoid them with the opposite sex, lack of Western culture tends to see and hear of ways, limited entertainment and encourage attendance to excuse battlefield protection, preservation of religion, Soil and honor, of course this was always associated with the concessions. Concessions such easy test questions, condone and ignore the possibility of correcting papers and more about the test again and again till achieving acceptance.
Axis III: removal research, study and exchange ideas and integration of the university academic environment with the religious sphere could convert vigorously young to despair and without being motivated. Severe limitations of these classes for youth recreation and constructive, field trips and public relations with the opposite sex, lead the educated classes tend to like non-healthy entertainments as drugs, aimless excursions to waste time and non-normative sexual relations.
On the other hand was not enough training facilities in villages and small towns, along with the heavy cost of life affected by rising inflation and the inflation rates of goods and services could force many families to make their children quit school and destroy many talents, and other hand, with a massive number survivors that could not access to the universities with unemployment, war and depression faced irreparable impacts on society.
Growth Oriented Culture degree in so-called Reconstruction period after the war, non-expert and increasing the private schools with mushroom schools spread and non-governmental institutions to study the appropriate, many low-income families, but interested in amassing knowledge and scholarship for the children placed under pressure intolerance exception of a limited number of elite students Genius and rich and high income segments of society.
This sick and crippled education system with mean columns and rotten foundations, has imposed dual cultural on our children, and have led to amazed teens that do not know their cognitive abilities and talents, bring up and deliver community disillusioned and frustrated young people, then in higher levels escape of brains (brain-drain).
Ismail mostafa nejad