Pakistan is one of the biggest Muslim states in the world today. The country emerged out of the Indian sub-continent on the map of the world in 1947. The country has a majority of Muslim population. Pakistan celebrates its independence on the 14th of August every year.
The word "Pakistan" has been coined from the names of those regions that make up this nation - Punjab, Afghan Border States, Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan. Even after 1947, Pakistan remained a dominion for nine years. It was only on the 23rd of March, 1956, that the country was declared an Islamic Republic.
Today, the nation is comprised of 4 major provinces - Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab and the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province along with the Federal Capital, Islamabad, and other tribal areas. The tribal areas coming under the government of Pakistan are Khyber, Kurram, Malakand, Mohmand, North Wazirstan and South Wazirstan.
Pakistan's Independence Day is observed on 14th of August. Pakistan was previously part of the United India under the British rule, but later, historical, cultural, religious and social differences between the two nations accelerated the pace of political developments that eventually led to the division of British India into two separate, independent states, Pakistan and India, on August 14 & 15, 1947, respectively.
The 14th August is a national holiday in Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies, tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital, Islamabad. The main celebrations take place in Islamabad, where the President and Prime Minister raise the national flag at the Presidential and Parliament buildings and deliver speeches.
Unfortunately, this year, all the functions have been cancelled due to the devastation caused by the country's worst ever, and ongoing floods in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Baluchistan and Sind. To consolidate with the flood victims, people of Pakistan are keeping their private celebrations modest.
Traditionally, the President and the Prime Minister in their speech highlight the achievements of the government and goals set for the future. In their official speeches, the leaders also vow to continue working under the principles and words of the father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam
The Minar-e-Pakistan, in Allama Iqbal Park, Lahore, represents a significant stage in Pakistan's creation. The Muslim leaders on 23rd March, 1940, announced here that they will strive for an independent nation that would be called Pakistan. Therefore, on every 23rd March as well as every 14th August, the Minar-e-Pakistan is fully lit to commemorate the independence of Pakistan from the British Empire.
The change of guard ceremony takes place at various monuments throughout the country. In Karachi, the Pakistan Navy cadets salute the tomb of the father of the nation, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, and students light candles at midnight to show their being hopeful and willing to do all for a great future of the country.
In the capital, Islamabad, and in all major cities of Pakistan, the Government Offices are lit up as well as all the larger skyscrapers. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs take place in all the provinces. Apart from this, on 14th august, everyone wears white and green dresses, mostly guys wear white shalwar or trousers and green shirt or kameez, and girls wear white shalwar kameez and green dopatas. Children wear colorful dresses and make tattoos on their faces and foreheads.