Independence Day Of Pakistan: Its History and Celebrations

Independence Day Of Pakistan: Its History and Celebrations

Islamabad : Pakistan | Aug 14, 2010 at 5:06 AM PDT
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Pakistan students protest the Islamic University bombing

Pakistan is one of the biggest Muslim states in the world today. The country emerged out of the Indian sub-continent on the map of the world in 1947. The country has a majority of Muslim population. Pakistan celebrates its independence on the 14th of August every year.

The word "Pakistan" has been coined from the names of those regions that make up this nation - Punjab, Afghan Border States, Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan. Even after 1947, Pakistan remained a dominion for nine years. It was only on the 23rd of March, 1956, that the country was declared an Islamic Republic.

Today, the nation is comprised of 4 major provinces - Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab and the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province along with the Federal Capital, Islamabad, and other tribal areas. The tribal areas coming under the government of Pakistan are Khyber, Kurram, Malakand, Mohmand, North Wazirstan and South Wazirstan.

Pakistan's Independence Day is observed on 14th of August. Pakistan was previously part of the United India under the British rule, but later, historical, cultural, religious and social differences between the two nations accelerated the pace of political developments that eventually led to the division of British India into two separate, independent states, Pakistan and India, on August 14 & 15, 1947, respectively.

The 14th August is a national holiday in Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies, tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital, Islamabad. The main celebrations take place in Islamabad, where the President and Prime Minister raise the national flag at the Presidential and Parliament buildings and deliver speeches.

Unfortunately, this year, all the functions have been cancelled due to the devastation caused by the country's worst ever, and ongoing floods in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Baluchistan and Sind. To consolidate with the flood victims, people of Pakistan are keeping their private celebrations modest.

Traditionally, the President and the Prime Minister in their speech highlight the achievements of the government and goals set for the future. In their official speeches, the leaders also vow to continue working under the principles and words of the father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, till the end of times. On several occasions, Muhammad Ali Jinnah stressed on the importance of the nation's having "Unity, Faith and Discipline" to succeed. The idea to keep this year's Independence Day's celebrations simple due to the devastating floods stems from that teaching of the father of the nation.


The Minar-e-Pakistan, in Allama Iqbal Park, Lahore, represents a significant stage in Pakistan's creation. The Muslim leaders on 23rd March, 1940, announced here that they will strive for an independent nation that would be called Pakistan. Therefore, on every 23rd March as well as every 14th August, the Minar-e-Pakistan is fully lit to commemorate the independence of Pakistan from the British Empire.

The change of guard ceremony takes place at various monuments throughout the country. In Karachi, the Pakistan Navy cadets salute the tomb of the father of the nation, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, and students light candles at midnight to show their being hopeful and willing to do all for a great future of the country.

In the capital, Islamabad, and in all major cities of Pakistan, the Government Offices are lit up as well as all the larger skyscrapers. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs take place in all the provinces. Apart from this, on 14th august, everyone wears white and green dresses, mostly guys wear white shalwar or trousers and green shirt or kameez, and girls wear white shalwar kameez and green dopatas. Children wear colorful dresses and make tattoos on their faces and foreheads.

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Independence Day Of Pakistan, Its History and Celebrations.
Independence Day Of Pakistan, Its History and Celebrations..
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News Stories

  • Independence Day celebrations scrapped

      Qatar English Daily
    Pakistan will hold no official independence day celebrations today other than hoisting the national flag, out of deference to the 14 million people affected by unprecedented floods. President Asif Ali Zardari, Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani and...
  • Pakistan observes sombre Independence Day

      Hindustan times
    IST(14/8/2010) One of the worst floods in the history of Pakistan eclipsed the Independence Day celebrations on Saturday, as many events were cancelled by the government and festivities across the nation wore a sombre look. Pakistani citizens have...
  • No independent day events in Pakistan

      Press TV
    President Asif Ali Zardari in an announcement on Saturday said that that there should be no official celebrations to mark the anniversary of the country's independence from Britain in 1947 due to the heavy floods, a Press TV correspondent reported.
  • Quaid?s view of minorities

    Quite a few groups and individuals wish to resurrect what they describe as Jinnah's Pakistan. The argument in support of the effort is that decades of disregard for the Quaid-i-Azam's vision of Pakistan has landed the country into one crisis after...
  • Let?s uphold Quaid-e-Azam?s principles

      Arab News
    Aug 14, 2010 00:23 I am delighted to convey my sincere felicitations to the Pakistani community residing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the occasion of the 64th Independence Day of Pakistan. The country came into existence in 1947 in the holy...
  • Strangers step in where government fails

      Sydney Morning Herald
    Nowshera is more like a war zone than a flood zone. Houses and shops have been reduced to rubble and brick walls have gaping holes that could have been blasted by artillery shells. But water, not weapons, shattered this northern Pakistan town.







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