The greatest concentration of Javanese society outside the Republic of Indonesia there are in Suriname, South America. This year, on August 9, a 120-year commemoration arrival in Suriname Javanese ethnic group which now owns 20 percent of the population of the republic's population of half a million peoples.
"If there is no tribe of Java, no Suriname. Suriname is a place to live various tribes of the rainbow nation. The largest group is of African descent and Indian descent followed. Descent groups China, Europe, and the mixture occupies the fourth position of the Surinamese population, "said Ambassador of the Republic of Suriname to the Republic of Indonesia, Angelic Caroline Alihusain-del Castilho, in Jakarta, Wednesday (04/08/2010). The arrival rate to the Suriname Javanese history is destiny. According to Del Castilho, Suriname is a region that coincide with the island of Run in the Banda Islands, the British handed over to the Dutch. In contrast, the Dutch handed over Manhattan or the Nieuw Amsterdam, now known as New York to England.
The deal is an exchange is the result of Breda in 1667 after the end of the British-Dutch War-2. Suriname was developed as a center of sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, indigo (indigo), and cotton. Initially, slaves were imported from Elmina (Dutch trading post) in West Africa.
With the abolition of slavery on July 1, 1863, the colonial government to bring migrant workers. Previously people Tionghoa imported from Java since the year 1850.
Later came immigrants from the Portuguese island of Madeira and the Lebanese and Syrian immigrants. However, they immediately left the plantations after the contract is completed.
Indians were brought in the year 1873 to year 1917. Again, after the contract finished, they left the plantation and worked in other fields.
"Finally, imported workers from Javanese. Experiments carried out with the arrival of the first coolie 1994 contract dated August 9, 1890, the ship transported Rotterdamsche Lloyd. Total delivery occurred 34 times with a total of migrants from Java, as many as 32 956 people, "Del Castilho said.
Most of them come from around Surakarta, Central Java. There are also migrants who came from Semarang and Surabaya. Toekiman Saimbang, a Surinamese diplomat in Jakarta, said "the leader" was derived from Mojokerto, East Java. "Wong Jowo isih Suriname ning isa Java base. Events selametan, net deso isih ana lan nanggap puppets, "said Toekiman describing Suriname Javanese society still maintains the tradition of wayang, clean village, salvation, and of course the Java language, known as ngoko market.
Javanese people there speak in Dutch or English in everyday interactions. Since the independence of Surinam in 1975, many residents who fled to the Dutch Java.
Javanese existence has now become an important element of pluralism in Suriname. "Approximately 50 percent of Suriname is the contribution of the culinary riches of Javanese society. They are no longer employed in the plantation. Many who become professionals and to fill important posts in the government of Suriname. They also have a separate political party, "said Del Castilho.
Many Surinamese Javanese women are intermarrying with other tribes. All processes take place naturally.
Toekiman Saimbang proudly say, in the upcoming cabinet Suriname, the names of four or five ministers from the 17 tribes Java heading in the new cabinet was named.
The various tribal villages and settlements of Java is now widespread in Suriname, which has an area more than twice the island of Java.
Towards the 120-year commemoration of the arrival of the Javanese of Suriname, various art events held by the Java community, assisted by the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia (Embassy) in Suriname. Peak of the event held on August 9 at Sasana Budhaya in Paramaribo