HIROSHIMA - At 8:15, the hour when on August 6, 1945, the bomb was dropped by American aircraft B-29 Enola Gay, have echoed the tolling of a bell, while tens of thousands of survivors, children and diplomats have observed minute of silence. Representatives from 74 nations took part, along with about 55 thousand people to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the atomic bombs that destroyed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima,
August 6, 1945, and Nagasaki three days later. For the first time a U.S. diplomat present at the ceremonies, the U.S. ambassador in Tokyo John Roos, and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. Even France and Britain, U.S. allies during the Second World War, they sent their diplomats. A minute's silence was observed at 8.15 am local (1 .15 in Italy), the precise moment when the bomb explodes over Hiroshima causing effects HISTORY - The atomic bombing of Hiroshima took place on August 6, 1945. Three days later Nagasaki was hit. Nobody has managed to give an exact number of victims in the two cities that were annihilated, we are talking about over 200 thousand deaths in both the months immediately following. Also immeasurable damage - physical, psychological, social - complained about the "hibakusha", ie people who were exposed to radiation of the bombing in the two cities. On August 15, 1945 Japan surrendered, but historians are still divided on the assessment of need to use weapons of that type.
The United States has never officially made any step back on that choice. Never in the postwar period until today, a serving Member of the U.S. took part in the commemorations. And the atomic bomb on display at the Smithsonian Institute has resulted in heavy controversy in Japan. But with the victory of Democrats in the last presidential inauguration of a new diplomatic style by the White House Barack Obama, things are changing fast. Two years ago, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, was the first institutional representative to visit the Peace Memorial in Hiroshima. Today, the U.S. ambassador in Tokyo John Roos was the first official U.S. government representative to the commemoration of Hiroshima.