It is pitch black in the Preto Velho farm just 80 km from Brasilia when a jaguar wild reckless advance to the trap: he rushes the bait meat and collapses under the effect of the anesthetic dart .
It is not a hunting scene but a science project that involves putting a collar with a GPS to a specimen of the largest cat in South America to protect it because it is being disappearance.
The farm belongs to Cristina Gianni who founded the NGO "Nex" (No Extinction) and is 12 years, a sanctuary for the protection of the jaguar. This nocturnal and solitary animal can travel 50 km per day, but it is increasingly rare in the Brazilian savanna invaded by soy plantations and cattle ranching.
A few hours later, the cry of grave animal 95 kilos black fur and fangs sounds impressive show its ferocity.Anesthesia has passed and the animal is released back into their habitat.
"Having found that wild jaguar in excellent health at 80 km from the capital of Brazil (center) is a fantastic surprise," told AFP Leandro Silveira, president of the Institute Jaguar located 800 km from the farm Preto Velho and sold the necklace will help to monitor.
In Brazil, where it is estimated that half of jaguars live U.S. is still the job of "onceiro" who hunts "onça" (the jaguar).
Laying the collar on "Xango", the name given to the jaguar, was followed by the technicians? Environment Institute (IBAMA, public) and carried out in the greatest secrecy.
The AFP had to meet a 30-day embargo to prevent Xangô falling into the hands of a hunter or a farmer trying to protect his cattle and time are identified valuable data captured by the GPS as its Xangô real-time location.
"Watch this animal can be very important for the species since it is increasingly rare in our Savannah, he is a black jaguar which is even more rare," said Luiz Alfredo Lopes, technician IBAMA.
Trained to return to the forest
Xangô while protecting the NGO Nex is about to make his most ambitious release to the wild Feira, a baby jaguar captured by hunters two years ago in the Amazon.
This is a huge challenge. "In most cases, the reintroduction of big cats in the wild has failed, even in Africa, but we'll try," says Gianni enthusiastic.
"When he came to us, Feira never seemed to be out of the forest, he did not want any contact with the man and only come out at night. I discovered that his instinct was still intact and I promised do everything possible to relax in nature, "she said.
"The mother spent two years learning to hunt her baby. When this is lost, the animal can not survive in the wild," says Gianni.
Feira was raised in a special enclosure where he was trained to hunt and fear humans. The government authorization for release just arrived and it will be to find a remote corner of the Amazon and preserved.
Preto Velho now houses 22 big cats including 13 Jaguars, much like Xico, captured baby and raised in a family where he played and slept in the bed of the girl of the house until he grew up. "His wild instinct took over the top and they had to be separated," says Rogerio Silva dewho takes care of the farm.
Five other jaguars animal that lives in 18 Latin American countries - northwest Argentina to Mexico's central plateau - are being prepared by the NGO to return to the forest.