Interestingly, the main Syrian opposition has taken U-turn on its previous stance of boycotting talks with international community and world powers for their callousness over the ongoing violence in the volatile country. In less than 24 hours of its announcement of boycotting the international summit and all other dialogue process, the Syrian National Coalition expressed its willingness to take part in the summit and go ahead with the dialogue process to restore peace and stability in the violence-wracked country. The change of mind in fact followed an announcement by United States Secretary of Stateand British Foreign Minister as they promised to help dialogue process become fruitful.
The announcement by the Syrian National Coalition of boycotting the international summit definitely sent a shockwave among world powers, as the step was aimed to stall all diplomatic efforts to end the nearly two-year-old crisis in the country. The Coalition leader, Moaz al-Khatib, alleged that world powers had failed to take steps to end violence in Syria and oust President Bashar al-Assad. Al-Khatib may be right in his assertions, but in fact, world powers are left with no option, but to resort to silent diplomatic efforts to resolve the crisis, as Russia and China have vetoed three resolutions moved against the dictator in the United Nations Security Council.
Through the United Nations, world powers appointed a peace envoy to Syria and a number of observer missions were also dispatched to the volatile country to get updates on the violence. UN-Arab League envoy Lakhdar Brahimi recently visited Syrian President Assad to coax him for dialogue, as the crisis can only be resolved peacefully through dialogue and negotiations. The Syrian National Coalition’s leadership was also urged to initiate dialogue with the government to end violence in the volatile country. However, there was no immediate response of the call of dialogue, but now both the sides are willing to sit across the table and find out solution to the prolonged crisis.
The US secretary of state and British foreign minister have also promised to do their utmost to make the international summit, scheduled to be held in Rome on Thursday, fruitful. John Kerry has conveyed to the al-Khatib that the United States is ready to go to any length to restore peace and stability in the region. Following the development, Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem also came up with a positive statement, saying the government was prepared to hold talks with the opposition forces, even the rebel fighters. At this stage, it appears unlikely that the armed opposition would sit down with the government representatives for dialogue, but if the process starts well, the rebel fighters can also be involved in the process easily.