In a once-a-decade shift in leadership,has replaced Hu Jintao as China’s top leader, occupying top slots in the Communist Party of China and the Chinese military. Xi, who comes from China’s political elite, took charge of top positions of China in the wake of political scandals, corruption, a sluggish economy, ethnic unrest and public calls for reform.
"There are also many pressing problems within the party that need to be resolved, particularly corruption," Xi said, reiterating a theme of the recent congress, according to Business Today.
Xi’s appointments on top positions give him immense powers, but not the comfort of time. After decades of ruthless growth, China now occupies the supremacy as the world’s second largest economy and most modern power.
With growth come troubles. Pressing domestic difficulties have ensnared China and could potentially frustrate its rise as a global power and leader.
Xi was officially selected as general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) after a weeklong convention of leading Communists. The lavish events underscored the CPC’s resolve to decisively retain power.
An important development was Xi’s appointment as chairman of the military commission, contravening the modern practice in which outgoing party leaders retain the military position to exercise power over their successors.
Long-aggravated troubles turned worst recently as Communist leaders worked on the power transfer. Issues ranging from the slowing economy to hostility with the United States and territorial arguments with Japan and several other neighbors have put the country’s new leadership to the test.
Anxiety has also developed among entrepreneurs and China’s business community and the middleclass people, who are using the power of social media to voice their concerns. The Chinese police have been harassing and imprisoning a large number of political opponents, nonconformists, rights’ advocates and labor activists.
“Our responsibility now is to rally and lead the entire party and the people of all ethnic groups in China in taking over the historic baton and in making continued efforts to achieve the great renewal of the Chinese nation,” a confident Xi said in nationally televised remarks in the Great Hall of the People, according to the Washington Post.