Shortly after being reelected for the second term, Presidentagain offered Iran to have dialogue on the country’s controversial nuclear program. However, there appears to be no positive reply from the Islamic Republic. According to media reports and a few diplomats who have a keen interest in issues related to Iran, it appears as if Iran is locked in a fierce internal debate on whether it should hold bilateral nuclear talks with the US. Key political leaders of the country are in favor of the dialogue, while hardliners keep pushing the regime to continue with uranium enrichment to achieve the desired goals.
The Obama administration is also faced with the gigantic task of winning over Iran to avoid a possible war in the Middle East. It is also a test of the foreign policy of President Barack Obama, as Republicans have been criticizing the president for not doing enough to halt the nuclear program of Iran. Barack Obama has always said that the issue can be best resolved through dialogue and diplomacy and attacking Iranian nuclear facilities is the last option. Despite pressure by Israeli Prime Minister, the president denied the support for an attack on nuclear facilities of the Islamic Republic.
On the other hand, Iranian officials have repeatedly shown intransigence in finding out a solution to the problem. In the three rounds of dialogues with six world powers, Iranian officials remained stuck to their position. The six world powers trying to negotiate the deal included the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany. The three rounds of dialogue were held at Istanbul, Baghdad and Moscow respectively. Iranian interlocutors said that the world powers should first lift sanctions imposed on the country to move forward with the dialogue. However, the world powers felt and still feel that the economic sanctions are the only tool in their hands that can force Iran to the negotiating table.
Devastated by economic sanctions and economy being ruined with every passing day, an internal debate has started in the conservative Islamic Republic on whether the country should initiate bilateral, nuclear talks with the United States. It would be a great success of the Obama administration if they succeed in pulling Iranian officials to the negotiation table. The point made by President Barack Obama that economic sanctions on Iran works will stand proved.