Former United States Presidenthas condemned Israel’s West Bank settlement construction. He is currently in Israel on a two-day visit. He is known for his efforts to establish peace and tranquility in the region and has been emphasizing on the two-state solution in the region. The former president believes that this is the only way forward to establish peace in the region. Carter is leading a delegation known as “The Elders,” which includes the former prime minister of Norway and the former president of Ireland. The group called on Palestinian and Israeli President .
What has the group discussed with these leaders and why is the group visiting the country? The group led by Jimmy Carter is basically a peace delegation and their visit is aimed at bringing positive change in attitudes of leadership of both Palestine and Israel. Carter is one of the strongest critics of Israel for illegal settlements in the West Bank, which Palestinians claim as their land. A wide range of opinion makers and world leaders believe that Israel has occupied the West Bank and constructed illegal settlements over there, but a few of them actually speak against Israel and in favor of Palestine.
It may be pertinent to mention here that when Jimmy Carter was the United States president, he brokered a peace accord between Egypt and Israel. The historic peace accord between both the states appears eroding after the ouster of Egyptianin the wake of the popular uprising against his rule in February last year. The delegation leaves for Egypt on Tuesday, when they will call on the Islamist President Mohammad Morsi. The leaders will discuss the regional situation, in addition to discussing the historic peace accord that has prevented Israel and Egypt from launching any war against each other till now.
Why does the president consider the two-state solution a viable way out of the problem? Jimmy Carter believes that unless two separate states are demarcated, the ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine cannot be contained. The world powers have been striving for bringing leaderships of Israel and Palestine to the negotiating table to resolve the issue through dialogue and negotiations. However, Palestinians say that dialogue with Israel is only possible if the latter ceases illegal settlement construction in the West Bank. On the other hand, Israeli leadership wants to initiate the dialogue process without meeting any preconditions.
Another factor behind the stalled dialogue process between leaderships of Israel and Palestine is the cracks between the main Palestinian parties –and Fatah. Both the parties have their separate points of view about relations and dialogue with Israel, so every effort is made to fail the steps any party makes to establish peace with Israel. The world powers, including the United States, should take special interest in the conflict and help resolve the issue.