Following shelling from gunship helicopters and tanks, security forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad have started pounding civilians with cluster bombs. According to human rights activists working in the violence-wracked Syria and a report made public by the United Nations, more than 25,000 people have been killed so far in the uprising. It has been 19 months to the unrest in Syria, but still there appears to be no solution of the crisis in sight. The dictator is hell bent on crushing the uprising against his rule by force, while pro-democracy people still appear determined to ease out the tyrant.
Human Rights Watch says that government forces dropped Russian-made cluster bombs on civilians over the past week in order to retrieve a strategic highway from rebels. It is tragic and must be condemned. However, the international community appears to be exhausted by continuous condemnation of the dictator’s acts. The civilians are being crushed by military tanks, gunship helicopters and cluster bombs, while on the other hand the United Nations Security Council appears unable to initiate any cogent action against the dictator.
The tyrant has been committing sheer violation of human rights by killing, torturing and abducting pro-democracy people and wants to quell the uprising against his rule through force and brutal acts. Who is supporting the regime? Russia, China and Iran have been supporting the dictator and even providing him with weapons to deal with the rebels. Russia and China, being members of the United Nations Security Council, have even vetoed three resolutions moved against the dictator. They say that foreign intervention in Syria would deteriorate the situation further and it would also be against established international laws.
Why have these countries been supporting the Syrian regime? Russia, China and Iran have their vested interests in the country and feel that their interests would be shattered if the NATO forces decide to help the rebels in overthrowing the regime. Iran feels that if a puppet government of the US is installed in Syria by overthrowing al-Assad, its interests would be at stake. Iran has been using Syria as a client state against Israel and therefore would never support a government in the volatile country that does not support the stance of Iran against Israel. Also, these countries fear that if the United States establishes its bases in Syria, it would be harmful for them.
Aside from the UN Security Council resolutions, different options should be looked into to restore peace and stability in the volatile country. The world powers should coax Russia and China to find a feasible solution of the prolonged crisis.