has always been denying doping allegations even though he was tested for banned substances several times. His fans refuse to believe that he would actually take drugs, but his critics fail to understand why he would never fail a drug test despite actually doping.
An explanation came on Wednesday, when the United States Anti-Doping Agency released its dossier on Armstrong, citing witness testimony, financial records and laboratory results. According to the agency, Armstrong was involved in a complicated doping program that helped him sidestep cycling’s drug-testing system.
The report also unveiled scientific evidence that, according to the agency, claims that Armstrong used drugs during the last two times he competed in the Tour de France. According to the New York Times, the report said, “It has been a frequent refrain of Armstrong and his representatives over the years that Lance Armstrong has never had a positive drug test. … That does not mean, however, he did not dope. Nor has Armstrong apparently had nearly as many doping tests as his representatives have claimed.”
The agency got Christopher J. Gore, the head of physiology at the Australian Institute of Sport, to analyze test results from 38 blood samples that had been given by Armstrong in 2009 and last April. This comprehensive test revealed a lot of alarming facts. Apparently the blood samples the possibility of drugs showing naturally was less than one in a million. USADA concluded that the findings “build a compelling argument consistent with blood doping.”
Armstrong has been using tactics that exploit weaknesses in the anti-doping system. These tactics are still commonplace and many athletes use them to beat the doping tests. The report also stated, “The most conventional way that the U.S. Postal riders beat what little out-of-competition testing there was, was to simply use their wits to avoid the testers.”
Professional cyclists are supposed to inform their national anti-doping agencies about their whereabouts at all times, and if a rider is given a warning three times in an 18-month period they can be punished as if they had a positive drug test.
Armstrong tried to defend all his titles until August 2012, after which the New York Times reported that, according to the code of the World Anti-Doping Agency, Armstrong's failure to contest such serious charges of doping violations means that he will be stripped of all the titles earned after Aug. 1, 1998, including his Tour titles, and is banned from any sport that uses the World Anti-Doping code.