Kanpur, largest city in Uttar Pradesh, has historical, religious and commercial importance. Kanpur is a prominent industrial centre of India. The history of Kanpur dates back to the period of the Mahabharata. According to that epic, Kanpur territory was gifted to Karna by Duryodhana. The city was initially known as Karnapur, 'the land of Karna'. Later it came to be known as Kanpur.
Kanpur had played a major role in the First War of Independence in 1857 and later in the freedom struggle in the first half of the twentieth century. The First War of Independence was led by Nana Sahib of Bithoor at Kanpur. It ended in the 'Massacre of Kanpur' or 'Bibighar Massacre'.
There are several cotton mills and leather tanning units in Kanpur. The city is also famous for the educational institutions like Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Agriculture College, National Sugar Institute, Government Textile Institute and Indian Institute of Technology. Among the important tourist destinations in Kanpur include Shri Radhakrishna Temple, Jain Glass Temple, Allen Forest Zoo, Moti Jheel Park, Gurudwara Banno Sahib, Green Park Stadium, Temple of Hanuman, Kamla Retreat, Nana Rao Park, Buddha Park and All Souls' Memorial Church.
The distance from Kanpur to Delhi is approximately 435 km. Delhi has numerous monuments and archaeological structures to attract the tourists. Old monuments like Red Fort, Qutab Minar, Purana Qila and Jama Masjid stand out as the major attractions in the city. Red Fort has Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Aam, Lahore Gate, Mumtaz Mahal and Hayat Bakhsh Bagh within its premises.
Among the major tourist attractions in Delhi are India Gate, Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, Raj Ghat (Mahatma Gandhi Samadhi), Birla Mandir, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Rajpath, Humayun's Tomb, Lotus Temple, ISKCON Temple, Jantar Mantar, National Museum, International Dolls Museum, National Zoological Park, National Railway Museum, Teen Murti Bhavan, Lodhi Garden and Safdarjung's Tomb.
Kanpur has its own airport at Chakeri, which is situated a few kilometres from the city centre. The airport has flights to Delhi. There is a passenger train from Kanpur to Delhi virtually in every 30 minutes. Among some of the popular daily trains from Kanpur to Delhi are Gaya-New Delhi Mahabhodi Express (No.12397), Howrah-Sri Ganganagar Udyan Abha Toofan Express (No.13007), Dibrugarh-New Delhi Rajdhani Express (No.12423), Rajendranagar-New Delhi Rajdhani Express (No.12309), Sealdah-New Delhi Rajdhani Express (No.12313), Rewa-Anand Vihar Express (No.12427), Dibrugarh-Delhi Brahmaputra Mail (No.14055) and Islampur-New Delhi Magadh Express (No.12401). The train journey takes six hours to nine hours.
Delhi is well connected by road with Kanpur. Public and private buses are available from Kanpur to Delhi. The bus fare ranges from Rs.600 to Rs.1500. The minimum taxi fare is around Rs.6000. While taxi cab journey may take nearly seven hours, bus trip takes around eight hours.