Danish physicist Neil Bohr, who played a pivotal role in understanding the atomic structure and quantum mechanics, was born on October 7, 1885, in Copenhagen, Denmark. Google is paying a tribute to the legendary scientist for his contributions to the world of physics by their creative Doodle on his 127th Birthday. All those who have used Google today can see an atomic Doodle that takes you to various biographies reading material on Neil Bohr.
Science students must be familiar with Neil Bohr’s contributions to the world of quantum physics. His dedication and achievements in this area of science made him win the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. He earned the Nobel for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them. Bohr has also been described as one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.
Neil Bohr came from a family that had contributed a lot to the world of science. His father, Christian Bohr, was a professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen. He was the one who observed the phenomenon called Bohr shift or Bohr Effect.
Neil Bohr enrolled at the Copenhagen University, where he initially studied philosophy and mathematics. After graduating from Copenhagen University, he enrolled at theat Victoria University of Manchester. During this time, he explored physics as a subject under supervision and mentorship of various veterans of this field. Bohr worked with such renowned names as , and Hans Geiger, and collectively studied the structure of an atom.
Bohr was the man behind the theory of electrons traveling in orbits around the atom's nucleus. His studies revealed that the number of electrons in the outer orbit of atoms determine the chemical composition of the elements. Bohr studied these particles to their minutest depths.
His concepts of quantum theory rooted from his in-depth study of electrons. He introduced the idea that an electron could drop from a higher-energy orbit to a lower one, in the process emitting a photon (light quantum) of discrete energy.
Bohr was also one of the founding fathers of CERN, which was established in 1954, and in 1957, he received the first-ever Atoms for Peace Award.
Neil Bohr passed away in Copenhagen in 1962 of heart failure.