The site, located 60 kilometers from Kabul, home to the main U.S. military base and prison for the most dangerous insurgent
In the context of a growing distrust among the troops in Afghanistan and the U.S., by increasing attacks 'fratricidal', NATO on Monday formalized the transfer of most military detention center in the country to the custody of the Kabul government .
This is one of the biggest milestones in the transfer operation at the hands of Afghan sovereignty, before total withdrawal of troops, culminating 2015. At the center, known as Parwan prison within Bagram military base, burned hundreds of Korans in February, an incident that sparked nationwide protests that resulted in 41 deaths.
NATO and Afghanistan agreed to the transfer of custody from prison in March. Finally, the transfer ceremony was held on Monday, the last day of the period set then. Afghan President
U.S. custody still remain about 30 detainees who believes insurgents with high command in the Guerrilla Taliban and Kabul requiring the assurance that there will be released. According to sources in the International Force Security Assistance to Afghanistan for NATO, 99% of detainees at Parwan before March 9 are now in custody of the Afghan armed forces. U.S. commanders are investigating another 600 suspected insurgents were arrested in the past six months, but hope to transfer to Afghan hands in the coming weeks.
U.S. commanders detained in Parwan to suspected insurgents for years, arguing that it posed a threat to the national security of Afghanistan and NATO's interests in that country. Many of the detainees at Guantanamo Bay for Parwan passed before, and later accused his captors of haberles tortured there, using techniques like feigned drowning [waterboarding]. At least two detainees in the prison of Bagram died while in the custody of foreign troops. Under the agreement of transfer of sovereignty, fifteen detainees has been released after the U.S. determined they pose no threat to their safety or that of Afghanistan.
Among the controls of the U.S. has been a remarkable resistance to transfer custody of the prison to Afghan hands, given the risk that the justice system of the country to release a considerable amount of them, considering that lack proof of its Guerrilla connection with the Taliban or Al Qaeda. The ceremony was not attended staff U.S. embassy in Kabul. Also present was Lt. Gen. Keith M. Huber, commander of the prison until the date of transfer. On the transfer did not decide not to hand the commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan, General John Allen of the Marine Corps.
In February, U.S. soldiers seized Parwan for hundreds of Korans and other sacred texts of Islam, on suspicion that the prisoners used to communicate. Looking to get rid of them, burned them in the vicinity of the Bagram base, the largest in the country. That drew the ire of many religious groups, and much of the civilian population. The riots caused 41 deaths, four of them from the ranks of the allied troops. Of these, two were due to fratricidal attacks, incidents of Afghan soldiers opened fire on foreign soldiers.
Burning Korans preceded the marked increase in attacks 'fratricidal' in the country. So far this year, these have led to 14% of foreign troops casualties: 45 dead, compared to 33 in 2011 and 21 in 2010. Recently, the Taliban leader, , called on the insurgents to infiltrate the ranks of the Afghan armed forces, to decimate foreign troops with that resource. Two weeks ago, the command of the bodies of U.S. special operations bracketed training new recruits for the militia known as the Local Police of Afghanistan, waiting to impose more rigorous research systems of aspiring soldier.