In 2011, the production of polysilicon in Siemens method in China was about 75,000 tons, with an increase of 72.4% YOY. If added with the production of polysilicon in physical method and silane method, the total production of China's polysilicon was close to 80,000 tons in 2011. The capacity under production reaches 120,000 tons; meanwhile, the production capacity of 100,000 tons is under construction. Currently, there are about 80 polysilicon production enterprises in China, forming the competition pattern which is dominated by Jiangsu Zhongneng, Luoyang Sino-silicon, Xinguang Silicon and other enterprises.
Although the production capacity planned by China's polysilicon industry is large, enterprises are still generally faced with technical problems. A large number of production lines are in the trial phase, or due to high production costs, there is no actual production. In 2011, the total import volume of polysilicon in China was 64,614 tons, with an increase of 36% YOY; the import amount was USD 3.814 billion, with an increase of 42.1% YOY. This means that China's import demand for polysilicon is still great.
The production costs of Chinese polysilicon enterprises are much higher than the international standards. When polysilicon prices are high, Chinese enterprises can still make profits. With the gradual decline of prices of polysilicon in the international market, the profitability of domestic enterprises presents a downward trend. The international average production cost of polysilicon with improved Siemens method is about 20-23 USD/kg, while the polysilicon production costs of Chinese enterprises is around 30-40 USD/kg which is about 50-60% higher than the international cost.
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