"More than 70% of public spending doesn’t go by public accountants, but through the scheduling of the Central Bank which is also a public accountant," said Justin Kabongo, president of the African Association for the Fight against Corruption (AALC), Friday, July 13, 2012 during a thought day organized by Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) in its headquarters in Kinshasa, about the mechanisms of fight against corruption in DR Congo.
These comments were confirmed by the President of the Counts Court, Ernest Izengemi Nsia Nsia who said that "transactions conducted at the Central Bank are largely outside the Counts Court". He said that "the Count Court will only deal with public accountants; and public accounts all must go through public accountants, which is not the case."
President of the Court of Auditors reported that "the DR Congo has 695 accountants who must produce 12 accounting by year, but the Count Court has just received the 1/3 report of such accountants”. Besides, "the Court of Auditors, said its president, receives only 30% of the budget allocated for its operation, so that some investigations initiated by the Court of Auditors fail, they are abandoned along the way ".
To a question concerning the judgments of the Count Court, the President of the Court replied that "the Court prepares the proposition of law, and it is parliament that approves the accounts of state for such to such exercise. But since 2000, Parliament did not stop the proposition of law prepared by the Counts Cour.
Ernest Izengemi said that "the accounting area of the DR Congo is completely disorganized and there is need to reform it. The public accountant is often sidelined in favor of providers who often say they have received nothing, or the Court of Auditors follows the accountant and not the provider. “The President of the Counts Court considers that the reform is very important and recommends that it begins by the accounting framework and accounting statistics.
OSISA Foundation organized this reflection day, said Pascal Kambale its President in Dr Congo, to provide a framework for multi-actors, where government, institutions contributing to the fight against corruption and civil society to consider their strengths, weaknesses and the challenges they face in order to think of innovative strategies and actions to contribute effectively to curb corruption in DR Congo. The goal is to see how to get the DR Congo among the 10 most corrupt countries in the world.
Several speakers spoke at the meeting on several aspects related to corruption. Prof. Bob Kititi, Service Procurement (ARMP), lamented the fact that this service is often composed of persons recommended by the Minister. For him, the big problem is at the man. A good procurement system requires competent and honest men. He noted he is currently serving a layoff because he asked for an audit on the work of the staff of the ARMP.
Prof. St Augustin Muendambali, President of the Observatory of the code of ethics (OCEP), believes that the procurement system has locked; now corruption is not done with the cash, but rather in terms of percentage if the market led. He said that the observatory has identified 17 occupational groups in DR Congo, but he met a terrible resistance to change in all these groups. He estimates that roughly 50% of the Congolese practices corruption. The DR Congo favors the penalty, but he recommends that the country does like in China where it focuses on prevention.
Philip Kayumba of the Technical Unit for fight against corruption, unit attached to the Ministry of Justice, considers that before much lead a good fight against corruption must begin with self-assessment of all institutions of the country. He lamented that there is no coordination between all institutions responsible for fighting corruption. He advocated the establishment of national coordination of all state structures. He also deplored the fact that those who run the country are covered by immunity.
The assistance was surprised by the words of Victor Batubenga, Director General of the General Inspection of Finance, who stated that "they have lots of evidence of corruption, but no proof."
Prof. Kodi Muzong the United Nations Office against Drugs and Crime (UNODC), spoke to assistance about the UN convention against corruption and said that African countries like Liberia and Sierra Leone which were passed by conflict also and have advanced in this fight. The DR Congo can do it too.
Wivine Mumba, the justice minister, was strongly expected to present the roadmap of the Government in the fight against corruption, but the minister has been conspicuously absent.
Justin Kabongo said also that the DR Congo is a specialist in ratifying international agreements and often creates structures to appeal to international opinion in order to assert that the political will. He believes that there is no political will if we don’t give the financial resources availed to drive the structures that we create.
The Bishop Abraham Djamba recalled the fundamental principle for the fight against corruption begins with the effective involvement of the head of state. Kabongo approved it and recalled the words of, during his swearing in 2006. Joseph had said that "corruption is a crime and he promised to the fight it with all his energy.