The first case of congenital transmission of Chagas Disease has been reported in the United States. Inviting attention to the other possibilities of transmission of the disease than the insect bite, a CDC report says that a newborn born in 2010 inherited the disease from his mother.
The Chagas disease is widespread throughout Mexico, Central and South America, affecting about eight to 11 million people. People living in rural areas are at higher risk of developing the disease as the bug flourishes under poor housing conditions. More than 300,000 persons in U.S. are affected with the disease.
The disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. It is spread through bites from an insect called kissing bug ( triatomine bug) that sucks human and animal blood. But, now highlighting the necessity for more awareness about the disease, investigators have reported the possibilities of a congenital transmission.
In August 2010, a woman from Bolivia gave birth to a baby boy at 29 weeks of gestational period in the U.S. After birth, the premature baby showed signs of jaundice and had excess fluid around his heart, abdomen and lungs. Later, the mother reported having the Chagas disease prior to her pregnancy. A blood test showed the newborn also having the disease. The baby underwent a 60 days treatment of benznidazole for fully recovering from the disease.
Though the disease is curable, it takes long to recognise and detect the disease, according to the experts.
"Only a few people who are infected develop early symptoms. The vast majority have such mild symptoms or no symptoms, that they don't know they are infected," Dr. Anne Moore, a CDC medical epidemiologist told NBC. "About 30 percent of those infected will develop serious cardiac disease, which can be fatal."
The CDC has published the report in the July 6 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
This article has been published by momisbest.