The OraQuick In-Home HIV Test Kit has been approved by FDA (Food and Drug Administration) on Tuesday that will provide Americans the facility to test, in the privacy of their own homes, whether they are infected with the virus that causes AIDS.
The OraQuick In-Home HIV Test Kit, from OraSure Technologies of Bethlehem (Pennsylvania), is one of the first of its kind ‘over the counter’ HIV test kit which got approval from FDA. The kit is an over the counter version of a test used by trained technicians in clinical settings that the FDA approved in 2004, but the kit is not as dependable as getting tested by a skilled clinical technician.
The OraQuick In-Home HIV Test discovers the existence of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2).
The one who wants to test has to take an oral swab, and place it in a specially prepared vial that comes with the kit. The test result is ready in 20 to 40 minutes.
As mentioned earlier that kit is not as dependable as a clinical test, therefore, a positive outcome doesn’t essentially mean that the user is absolutely infected with HIV, but that he/she should then go and get himself/herself tested in a medical setting to verify the result.
In the same way, a negative result doesn’t essentially signify that the user is certainly not infected: particularly if he/she may have picked up the virus in the previous three months.
Based on clinical studies, the kit is expected to show one false positive out of every 50,000 results and one false negative out of every 12 results.