Typhoid is one of the most common diseases around the world. It is prevalent in almost all parts of the world, and is known by various names, such as gastric fever, pythogenic fever, nervous fever and slow fever. It is characterized by high fever that remains from a week to a month, depending on the treatment.
It is a bacterial disease that is caused by the Salmonellae typhi bacteria and can spread in many ways. The ease with which the virus spreads is a cause of concern for everyone. The bacteria can be easily transmitted from one person to another through public sanitation conditions and poor hygiene habits. Flying insects feeding on feces are also a cause of the transmission of the disease from one person to another.
Health authorities are trying to educate people about the disease. It is important for people to know how to control it to stop the widespread. Good hygiene habits are very important to control the spread of the typhoid fever. It can easily be transferred through contaminated food. It is important to drink pure, clean water. Chlorination or boiling is very useful as it kills the germs present in water. Filtration is also a good option.
Health organizations insist on only clean, drinkable water. In poor countries, where chlorination or filtration is taboo, a clean piece of cloth can be used to filter the water. Boiling is also easy as germs are killed when the temperature rises. However, it is important to keep the drinking water in good containers. Covering the containers is also necessary as there is always the risk of the water getting contaminated again.
Food should also be covered at all times. Washing hands before and after meals is very important as germs may enter the body through it. Food should be cooked in clean water. Fruits and vegetables should also be washed properly, before cooking or eating, as appropriate.
Since typhoid can also spread through human feces or urine, it is important to keep the toilets neat and clean. This problem is not very common in developed countries; however, third world countries face this issue frequently. People are suggested to install proper toilets, and if that isn’t possible, then at least properly cover their waste. A good sewerage system is required in this regard.
Typhoid in most cases is not fatal, and can easily be treated by antibiotics. However, if not treated properly, it can lead to death.