Contrary to the popular belief, fever itself is not a disease. It, however, is a sign of disease. Fever, also called pyrexia, can be defined as a medical sign that is characterized by an increase of the body temperature over the common range.
The normal body temperature is 98-100 °F (36.5–37.5 °C). An increase above these set points is considered fever. Fever leads to shivering and increased muscle tone. As the body temperature increases, the body actually feels cold. A fever can be triggered by several conditions, varying from potentially serious to benign.
Generally, light fever is considered to be normal, and not something serious. It can be easily treated by over-the-counter medicines and home remedies. Some even believe it to be a good sign, as it allows the body to rest, and fight better against the infections present in the body.
Fever is mostly triggered by an infection present in your body. It is a sign from your body that it is unable to fight the infection and needs help. In such situations, medicine or better diet is required. However, at times, fever can be a sign of something severe and must be paid attention to.Types
There are several types of fever that depend on the temperature, severity and other conditions. Some most common types are:Continuous Fever
This is the type of fever where the temperature remains constant throughout the day. This condition is normally a sign of diseases, such as:
- Urinary tract infection
- Labor pneumonia
As it is a sign of serious diseases, such condition should be paid attention to before it gets worse. Treatment is required as these diseases or infections do not go away on their own.Intermittent Fever
This is the kind of fever where the temperature elevates only for a certain period before getting back to normal. This fever is mostly reported in diseases such as:
If such condition prevails for more than one day, it must be treated. However, if it disappears in a day, it is considered a normal thing, and can be your body’s sign of stress or workload.Neutropenic Fever
Also known as febrile neutropenia, it is a fever that is the sign of an abnormal immune system function. This fever requires urgent medical attention, due to the risk of the infection spreading quickly, because of the lack of neutrophils.
These are the most common types of fever. There are some other kinds of fever too, such as remittent fever and Pel-ebstein fever, which are generally associated with specific diseases.