Major powers agreed in Geneva on Saturday on a power transition plan to stop violence in Syria, with the unity government to include members of the present government as well as opposition, international envoy said.
Participants also "identified the steps and actions by the parties to ensure the full implementation of the six-point plan and the 2042 and 2043 resolutions by the U.N. Security Council." This six-point plan adopted by the Security Council in April included among others a cease-fire as of April 12. It has never been fully implemented and respected.
"The transitional governing body will exercise executive powers. It will include members of the government and opposition and other groups. It must be formed on the basis of respect the legitimate rights of all groups and lead the country in the direction of modern multiparty democracy," said Mr. Annan.
"I doubt the Syrians will choose people with blood on their hands to lead them," said Annan in a press conference.
Asked about the future of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, the former U.N. chief stressed that the "record is clear on the guidelines and principles to assist the parties as they move through the transition period and establish a transitional government and conducting the necessary changes." The future of Bashar al-Assad "is their business," he said.
The Action Group on Syria, made by Annan, brings together foreign ministers of the five permanent members of the Security Council - the United States, China, Russia, France and Britain – as well as from Arab countries (Iraq, Kuwait and Qatar), Turkey and the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs of the European Union.
On it's part, Syrian opposition groups say they will not accept any political transition plan that lacks an explicit call for Assad to leave power.
On the ground, activists told the Associated Press that at least 56 people were killed in more than two days of shelling in the Damascus suburb of Douma. Dead included three children and five members of a single family.
Syrian activists said that 4,700 have lost their lives since April 12, when a U.N.-backed ceasefire brokered by Annan was supposed to have taken effect.