Overpopulation is a major problem, in both developed and developing countries. Having a large workforce is a positive, but there are also hundreds of negatives associated with it.
Overpopulation not only affects families and individuals, it affects communities and countries as a whole. Often, overpopulation requires some extreme majors, as taken in China, to control it given the dire consequences it has.
Overpopulation not only causes economic problems for countries, it also leads to several health issues. It has to be understood that the resources are limited and a scarcity exists. We cannot extract more out of what we really have.
If there are more mouths, we’ll have to find more food. This is the biggest problem with overpopulation – it leads to food shortage. Shortage of food affects the health of the people negatively. Food shortage is the major cause of deaths every year, especially in third world countries.
The lack of drinking water is also a major problem. As per reports, around a million people die every year due to water-related diseases. With an increase in population, the rate has only gone sky-high. When there are more people, more water is required. There already is a scarcity of drinkable water, and with more population the problem is only on a rise.
With an increase in population, the chances of contagious or infectious diseases spreading also increase. Contagious diseases spread from one person to another; if there are more people, the chances of the disease spreading will automatically go high.
Pollution, which affects the environment and human health adversely, is increased with an increase in population. When there are more people, there is more garbage to throw. Industries produce more goods for use, and the toxics are thrown into rivers and seas, polluting them. This is a major cause of concern for everyone as it affects the whole universe.
More people require more vehicles and services. This has a negative effect on the economy, the environment and the health of people. Overpopulation has already led to the extinction of many animals. People are destroying their environment, because they need resources to use and places to live.
Land cannot be created or increased. To accommodate the growing population, forests are being cut, which affects the environment hugely. Trees control pollution and maintain the environmental balance. With a fall in number of trees, the pollution has only increased, which has affected the ozone layer and the world’s temperature.
This change has exposed people to several kinds of diseases. With a decapitating ozone layer, sunrays reach the earth strongly, causing temperatures to rise. This is a major reason of skin cancer and other diseases that have increased in the past few years. Organizations are working hard to control this problem and create awareness regarding it.
Developed countries have implemented laws and increased awareness regarding the adverse effects of overpopulation to control it. However, much has to be done in the case of developing countries, where people fail to acknowledge the adversities associated with overpopulation.