It is a severe disease in which the bone marrow stops producing red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This is an extremely rare blood condition, found in 2-6 individuals in a million, and is more common among children and young adults.
Stem cell or bone marrow transplant is the most effective treatment for Aplastic Anemia. Most people recover from the disease after the bone marrow transplant; however, in some rare cases complications have been reported.Hemophilia
The disease that has been in existence for hundreds of years only became controllable in the last 50 years. It’s an inherited tendency to bleed, and is only reported in males. There are two types of hemophilia:
Hemophilia A or Classic Hemophilia (ratio is 1 in 10,000)
Hemophilia B or Christmas disease [ratio is 1 in 50,000)
It is caused by the deficiency of the coagulation factor and can be treated by replacing it. In the 1970s, the coagulation factor derived from human plasma became available, and today thanks to the latest technology lives are saved by this.Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle cell anemia is a disease in which the red blood cells change their shape and turn sickle. It is caused by the defect of the hemoglobin cell found in the blood. The cells cause anemia and pain. The disease is common in countries like India, Turkey, Cuba and South America. Its symptoms are vision problems, stroke, pain and acute chest syndrome.
Penicillin is given as a treatment to patients who can stay in good health with proper diet and regular checkups.POEMS Syndrome
It is a blood disorder that is common in both men and women. Mostly, old people are affected by this as the risk increases with age. Currently, not much is known about the causes of the disease due to the difficulties that arise in its diagnosis, but scientists have found treatment to this and it can be cured by certain therapies and drugs.
Several parts of the body are affected by this disease, which gets its name from polyneuropathy (P), organomegaly (O), endocrinopathy (E), monoclonal gamopathy (M) and skin changes (S). All these symptoms are found in patients suffering from the POEMS syndrome.Myelodysplastic Syndrome
It is a condition in which the cells in the bone marrow do not function properly. It is also characterized by the low production of red blood cells that causes many health issues. The disease is more common in older people, and is rarely inherited.
The symptoms include anemia that leads to fatigue and breathing problems. Unusual bleeding is another symptom of myelodysplastic syndrome as the lack of platelets cells makes it difficult for the blood to clot. It can be treated by drugs or blood transfusion, if required.