The two-day talks between six world powers and Iran started on Monday. The diplomats say that the talks have largely remained inconclusive so far owing to the stubborn attitude of Iran. The country has demanded the world powers to first ease out the sanctions imposed on oil export of the country and then it will decide whether to suspend uranium enrichment activities or not. The diplomats say that Iranian negotiator has put tough conditions for talks to succeed and the world powers are in limbo whether to accept conditions of Iran or not.
European Union and the United States slapped sanctions on Iran to pressurize the country to stop its 20 percent uranium enrichment program after all efforts by the international community to resolve the issue through dialogue and negotiations had failed.
It is expected the six world powers – Russia, China, Britain, United States, France and Germany – will continue to press Iran on Tuesday to take the first conciliatory step to ensure the international community that the nuclear program of Iran is for peaceful purposes. The world powers were scheduled to have another round of talks with Iran in Moscow on June 18-19 and were hopeful to clinch a deal with Iran on its controversial nuclear program. It should be noted that earlier two rounds of talks with Iran held in Baghdad and Istanbul have failed to yield any positive result.
The world powers want to halt enrichment of uranium in Iran at any cost, as they believe if the process is not suspended now, the country can develop nuclear weapons in the next couple of months. On the other hand, Iran keeps chanting the mantra of the program being peaceful and for civilian purposes. Iranian leadership says the nuclear program is for medical research and to produce electricity to fulfill energy needs of the country. However, the United States and Israel suspect that Iran is covertly pursuing nuclear weapons and therefore it is necessary to stop the country’s further progress in the field.
A week before the Moscow talks, Iranian negotiator Ali Bagheri warned the world powers, saying the dialogue might fail owing to faulty preparations for it. However, he did not elaborate on the "faulty preparations." It appears that Iran has been trying to find some excuses to run away from the dialogue process and continue with the nuclear program.
Diplomats from different nations meeting Iran in Moscow depict that this would be the last round of talks with Iran over the country’s nuclear program. They suspect the United States or Israel could take military action against Iran to destroy the controversial nuclear program if the talks at Moscow fail. Iran should show sagacity and not force the international community for tougher actions. It is in the interest of Iran to cooperate with the world powers and satisfy them through dialogue that the country’s nuclear program is not for development of nuclear weapons.