The cement industry in India after being delicensed in 1991 has shown remarkable growth. India has emerged as the second largest country in the world after China in the production of cement. Cement is a basic construction material in housing, infrastructure and large projects for social development like irrigation dams, hospitals, roads, etc. It has become synonymous with construction and per capita consumption of cement is accepted as an important index of the country's economic growth.
In terms of quality, technology, productivity and efficiency, India compares well with the best in the world. The Indian cement industry plays a key role in the national economy, generating substantial revenue for State and Central Governments as well as employment. Cement is the basic building material in India and is used extensively in urban housing, industrial sector and developing infrastructure.
India exported about 2.69 million tonnes cement valued at Rs. 666 crore including 1.01 million tonnes clinker and 0.08 million tonnes white cement in 2009-10 to Nepal, Yemen Rep. Qatar, Sri Lanka, Iraq, etc.
In 2009-10, there were 172 large cement plants(cement plant for sale in india) having total annual installed capacity of 270.77 million tonnes in addition to mini-cement plants having total estimated capacity of 6 million tonnes per annum. The total installed capacity for cement in the country was thus about 276.77 million tonnes per annum. In 2009-10, the annual installed capacity of large cement plants has risen by 51.26 million tpy to 270.77 million tpy from 219.51 million tpy in 2008-09,cement manufacturing plants for sale(cement manufacturing plants for sale).
Production of cement by large plants also rose to an estimated 200.95 million tonnes from 181.61 million tonnes in 2008-09. The production from mini-cement plants was around 4 million tonnes each in 2008-09 and 2009-10. Besides, three cement plants, having a total capacity of 9,90,000 tonnes per year produced white cement. Most of these capacities are modern and based on the energy- efficient dry process technology,cement plant for sale in india(cement plant for sale in india).
There were as many as 112 plants with a million tonnes or more capacity. There was only one central public sector undertaking in the cement sector, i.e., CCI which had 10 operating units, spread over seven States/Union Territories. Except for Bokajan, Rajban and Tandur units, remaining cement plants are lying closed for about a decade or more. There were five large cement plants owned by various State Government Undertakings like Tamil Nadu Cement, Malabar Cements and Mawmluh Cherra Cement Ltd. The Jammu & Kashmir Minerals' cement plant was closed. The annual installed capacities of large cement plants are given,Cement grinding mill manufacturer,(Cement grinding mill manufacturer)
Regionwise and Statewise installed capacities and production of large cement plants are given in Table-2. The total production of cement in 2008-09 was 185.61million tonnes which reached to about 200.95 million tonnes in 2009-10, a growth of about 8.3% over the preceding year. In 2009-10, the annual installed capacity of three white cement plants was 9.90 lakh tonnes. Out of these, major producer J.K. White Cement Works Ltd produced 3.01 lakh tonnes white cement. The mini-cement plants were meant to tap scattered limestone reserves, mostly in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh,Pulverizer manufacturers in India.(Pulverizer manufacturers in India)