(Ingolstadt, Germany) A former Dutch member of an elite Nazi SS Intelligence Agency reportedly died Thursday in a German hospital after living most of his life - free - in Germany despite being sentenced to death in 1947 for his role in the deaths of 22 members of the Dutch resistance during World War II.
Klaas Carel Faber, 90 originally from the Netherlands was born on Jan. 20, 1922
Faber, a former citizen of the Netherlands was convicted and handed a death sentence for his role in 22 deaths of members of the Dutch resistiance while a member of an elite Nazi SS Unit code-named Silbertanne or Silver Fir. The unit of 15 men, which consisted mostly of Dutch citizens were given the job of punishing and ultimately killing members of the resistance and those who helped the resistance fighters. Allegedly, Faber volunteered to become a member of the Silver Fir after Germany’s occupation of the Netherlands.
According to information obtained from the Simon Wiesenthal Center which labeled Faber as a “Dutch-SS Executioner” placed him number 3 on their list of most-wanted Nazi criminals last year.
The Wiesenthal Center is “one of the largest international Jewish human rights organizations with over 400,000 member families in the United States,” according to the center’s website.
After having his death sentenced commuted to life in prison, Faber escaped to Germany in 1952 and German authorities have repeatedly rejected Dutch authorities’ request to extradite him back to the Netherlands, citing Faber’s German citizenship as the main reason. Dutch authorities after determining that Faber was living free in Germany made their first request to extradite him in 1954.
German authorities have even rejected pleas from both the Dutch authorities and members of the Wiesenthal Center to make Faber serve his life sentence in a German prison.
Faber, a Dutch citizen at the time the murders took place and while a member of the Silver Fir obtained his German Citizenship as a result of a 1943 “Fuhrer Directive,” which automatically granted German citizenship to anyone who collaborated with the Nazis, according to the Wiesenthal Center.
According to allegations made by Dutch authorities, Faber was convicted of killing 22 Dutch citizens at three different Nazi death camps, including one in Eastern Europe wherewas once imprisoned.
In 1957 a German court in Duesseldorf both refused Dutch authorities request to extradite him to the Netherlands and also refused to put Faber on trial for his war crimes, citing a lack of evidence.
In 2004 Munich, prosecutors after reexamining the evidence against Faber said the evidence at most might have made Faber guilty of manslaughter, not murder. Prosecutors citing the statute of limitations having expired did not place Faber on trial.
Again in 2010 another Netherlands arrest warrant was rejected by German authorities, this time claiming Faber as a result of his being a German citizen needed to consent to the extradition.