Ahead of second round of dialogue in Baghdad on May 23, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Chief Yukiya Amano arrived in Iran on Monday early morning. He is scheduled to have important dialogue and negotiations with key Iranian officials over the controversial nuclear program of the country. Mr. Amano is also likely to meet with chief negotiator of Iranand Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi to pave way for positive dialogue in Baghdad to be held on Wednesday.
The IAEA chief is expected to convince Iran for inspections of some alleged nuclear sites, where it is believed the country is trying to develop atomic bomb. However, Iran has given no indication that it will allow access to the Parchin nuclear site. The outcome of the ongoing dialogue is also yet to be seen. However, the world powers are confident to seal a deal on the controversial nuclear program of the country during the Baghdad summit.
Iran has been reluctant in allowing access to the inspectors to Parchin nuclear site, where the world powers suspect that Iran is busy in developing nuclear weapons. Parchin is a military base of the country and intelligence agencies of the United States and Israel suspect Iran is covertly using enriched uranium to develop atomic bomb. Earlier, Iran has denied IAEA’s inspectors access to the site despite pressure from the international community and sanctions by the United States.
Iran has repeatedly denied the allegations that it's making nuclear weapons. Iranian leadership has repeatedly said that their nuclear program is for peaceful purposes. The country wants to utilize its nuclear program for medical research and power generation. The United States and other western countries, however, appear skeptical to Iran’s claim and are demanding closure of all the nuclear plants.
In the second week of April, the dialogue between Iran and six nations of the world was held in Turkey and was termed constructive and successful. These nations were earlier skeptical about intentions of Iran to participate in the dialogue. Iranian leadership has been pushed for the last couple of months to settle the dispute through dialogue and negotiations.
The United States and other European countries including Israel have been collecting intelligence information on nuclear sites of Iran to determine whether the country is capable of developing nuclear weapons or not. The intelligence information gathered by spying agencies of the United States suggest that the country has yet to decide to develop atomic bomb. White House officials say the US would come to know about the intentions of Iran a year before the country starts to develop nuclear weapons.