What is ASEAN Community 2015?
During the 2nd ASEAN Informal Summit in Kuala Lumpur in 1997,ASEAN Leaders adopted the ASEAN Vision 2020 which focused on economic development and regional integration strategies to generate sustainable and equitable growth. This vision was concretized through the Declaration of the ASEAN Concord II or Bali Concord II issued by the ASEAN Leaders in 2003. The objective of the Bali Concord II was to establish an ASEAN Community by 2020.
At the 12th ASEAN Summit in Cebu in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015.
ASEAN Leaders saw the need to strengthen ASEAN integration through the acceleration of the community building process to solidify ASEAN centrality and to maintain the status of ASEAN in the driver’s seat of the evolving regional architecture. Thus, the goal of building an ASEAN Community was moved five years earlier with the signing of the Cha-am Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community (2009-2015) by the ASEAN Leaders at the 14th ASEAN Summit in Thailand.
The ASEAN Roadmap aims to realize the three pillars of the ASEAN Community, namely:
ASEAN Political-Security Community;
ASEAN Economic Community; and
· ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.
Each community pillar has its own Blueprint which details the projects and activities to be undertaken to realize the ASEAN Community 2015. These Blueprints, along with the Initiative for ASEAN Integration Work Plan 2 (IAI Work Plan 2) that aims to narrow the development gap in ASEAN and to accelerate economic integration of the newer members of ASEAN, namely Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam (also known as the CLMV countries), constitute the Roadmap. The complete Roadmap is found at http://www.aseansec.org/publications/Roa