It is impossible to look at the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, and not remember a movie scene. In fact, the structure of the bay has served as a lease of several stories told in movies or TV shows Americans. The last was the epic struggle between apes and humans in the movie Planet of the Apes - The Origin.
The suspension bridge that connects San Francisco to Sausalito turns 75 years old in May and the date will be celebrated with various events. After all, she is the main postcard of the city, one of the most famous buildings in the United States and still star on the list of Seven Wonders of the World produced by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
The structure is 2737 meters in total length, including accesses, and 1966 meters in length suspended, and that the distance between the two towers is 1280 meters. The suspension towers rise from 227 meters above sea level, supporting the cables on bridges with this architecture, support the board down. This means that the two main cables that support must be prepared to support the entire weight of the board and the cables that leave the main.
The construction of the Golden Gate - which despite its name, is not golden, but orange - took just over four years. Work began on January 5, 1933 and the bridge was opened to traffic on May 28, 1937. You can cross it not only drive but also by bicycle or on foot. Just do not forget to dress warm valley and to enjoy the panoramic view of the walk amid the biting winds.
Since its opening, the bridge has been banned five times because of the winds (1951, 1982, 1996 and 2005), who came to make visible movements in the structure in 1982, waving to the sides. In film, this effect was reproduced in the movie X-Men - The Last Stand Fina, when the character Magneto moves the bridge.
In the early 20th century, San Francisco went through a period of economic rise and immediately came the need to connect it with neighboring regions to develop the economy in cities around the San Francisco Bay.
The city is surrounded by water from almost all sides, making it a peninsula. The need to connect with neighboring regions took the form of a road structure. But the idea was a big challenge, since the Golden Gate Strait was known for strong winds and currents, and at that time such a structure was considered impossible to build.
Despite the need to build a bridge connecting San Francisco and Northern California, the project faced many criticisms and oppositions. The first controversy came from the Defense Department, claiming that the bridge would hinder the access of ships to the bay.
Full bridge 75 years
The celebrations in honor of the 75th anniversary of the Golden Gate will have its climax on May 27. On this date, the bridge is only open to car traffic, because there will be fireworks on the structure. And this is just one of the attractions that promise to transform the Festival Golden Gate in a lifetime experience. In the event the public will be invited to enjoy the magnificent scenery, learn about the history of the bridge and its meaning, and enjoy the national parks.
The festival will feature cars exhibition of 1937, art installations, films, musical performances and dance. Around 9:30, the celebration of the weekend will culminate with fireworks. Check out the events that will spread all around the bridge:
Presidio - Photography Exhibition on military history at Golden Gate. There will also be a movie night with shows of films set in the bridge.
- Fort Mason Center - Exhibition of outdoor art.
- Ghirardelli Square - Display panel telling the story of the Golden Gate.
- San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park - Trips aboard the Soul, music, exhibition of photographs and old cars.
- Fisherman's Wharf - Musical performances, exhibition of historical images and parade of vintage cars.
- Festival of music and dance highlighting the 1930s.
- Fort Point - art facilities.
- Lectures and interpretive self-guided visits.
- Biking to the bridge on May 26.