Once again, Syria has defied the commitment to withdraw security forces from population centers by April 10 in order to restore peace and normalcy in the country. Syrian government pledged to withdraw the troops in ten days and the same commitment was conveyed to the United Nations Security Council by UN-Arab League backed special envoy. Annan had assured the international community of implementation of the peace plan by April 10 but it did not happen. The deadline has passed while the security forces are still busy killing innocent civilians.
Human rights activists working in the violence-wracked country said that 38 civilians were killed on Tuesday by the security forces loyal to the regime during clashes in different cities. Likewise, around 19 soldiers were also killed by Free Syrian Army during attacks on several check posts across the volatile country. Clashes between the security forces and members of Free Syrian Army are still going on across the country completely violating the truce that Syrian government had made with the Kofi Annan.
The former UN chief Kofi Annan expressed deep concerns on Tuesday over the ongoing violence in Syria in a letter to the UN Security Council. He admitted that President Bashar al-Assad was not willing to implement the peace plan as agreed by him earlier. The dictator now says the government will withdraw troops only after assurance from rebels that they will lay down arms and don’t attack the security forces. Annan has explicitly mentioned in his letter to the Security Council that there was no such precondition included in the peace plan. The former UN chief also said that Syrian government was only buying time by resorting to such demands.
In the very outset of the peace plan, a number of European countries were skeptical about implementation of the plan. Even Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said in one of her statements that though she was not hopeful about the peace plan agreed by Syrian dictator but still they hope against the hope. It is not for the first time that Assad has backed out from his commitment. He has earlier defied a peace plan presented by the Arab League and many suggestions to bring peace and stability in the country by the international community.
What should the international community do now? How can the dictator be convinced to end violence in the country? Bashar al-Assad has been embattling the rebels for the last 13 months in order to quell the uprising against his rule. The dictator does not want to quit his position and wants to settle the issue in his favour while the opposition is demanding an end to the monarchic rule in the country besides acquisition of civil liberties and basic human rights. The international community should now explore more options to oust the dictator and bring peace in the volatile country.