Education should be a means to empower children and adults alike to become active participants in the transformation of their societies. Learning should also focus on the values, attitudes and behaviors which enable individuals to learn to live together in a world characterized by diversity and pluralism.
In 1960, UNESCO adopted the Convention against Discrimination in Education, which acknowledged the crucial role of education in ensuring equality of opportunity for members of all racial, national or ethnic groups. It was the very first time that a binding instrument in the United Nations system contained a detailed definition of the term DISCRIMINATION. The Convention qualified it as « Any distinction, exclusion, limitation or preference based on race, color, sex, language, religion or political or other opinion, national or social origin, economic condition or birth ». The Convention called on States to adopt immediate measures in favor of equality in education and, what is more, it linked the concept of Education directly to Human Rights.
Within this perspective, this UNESCO Programme wishes to reinforce its educative actions to develop new approaches to education in order to fight against all forms of discrimination.
- Education to non-violence
An educational teaching kit about non-violence is being developed for use by teachers and trainers. It contains the following publications:
- « The Art of living in Peace»
- « Best practices for non-violent conflict resolution at school»
- « Non-violence in Education »
- Tolerance Education
A set of educational materials entitled « Tolerance : the threshold of peace » was published in 1997 by UNESCO. It is directed to teacher educators, elementary and secondary schools. A learning process that places tolerance in the framework of an education for peace, human rights and democracy is provided through many themes for reflection and examples of
This educational approach is taken into account in the publication « To combat Racism and Foster Tolerance », which is under preparation in collaboration with the United Nations High Commissionar for Human Rights, for use by university teachers, young researchers and students.
- Revise textbooks and educational programs for the promotion of racism and discrimination
- Trainee of trainers and teachers in the prevention of racial and xenophobic conflicts.
- Encourage the dissemination and ratification of international normative instruments related to the fight against discrimination in education