Syrian government literally refused on Sunday to end violence in the country and withdraw troops from population centers. The government on April 1 agreed with a six point peace plan presented by United Nations-Arab League backed special envoy. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad gave deadline of April 10 to withdraw troops and initiate a dialogue with opposition to restore normalcy and peace in the country. As the deadline is approaching fast, the dictator has stepped up violence against the people demanding civil liberties and political reforms in the country.
A spokesperson of Foreign Ministry of Syria said the security forces loyal to the regime would be withdrawn from cities only after rebels lay down their arms. The spokesperson also denied the government has ever set April 10 as deadline for withdrawal of the troops. He even alleged that Kofi Annan failed to win assurances from the rebels to stop violence in the country. Kofi Annan had informed United Nations Security Council that Syrian government pledged to withdraw troops from population centers by April 10 in order to bring peace and stability in the country.
The government continued to defy the peace plan by stepping up violence against civilians. Human rights activists working in the country say that around 200 civilians are killed ever since the peace plan was finalized. The dictator has already defied a number of peace plans presented by the international community including Arab League. Right from the beginning, analysts were skeptical about intentions of the dictator to implement the peace plan and suggested some ways to actually restore permanent peace in the country.
So, what are the possible options left with the international community to end the monarchic rule in Syria and restore peace and normalcy? Saudi Arabia and Qatar have long been demanding to arm the Syrian rebels and train them to fight against the security forces loyal to the regime. Obama administration and other European countries have been trying to resolve the issue through dialogue and diplomatic means but failed. The dictator has been using different tactics to stay in power and unfortunately he has remained successful in his attempts.
Now the only option left with the international community is to arm the Syrian rebels and train them to fight the security forces. Also, there is a need to encourage mutiny within the security forces and defection of more troops. Syrian Free Army – a group of army dissidents – has been doing its best to cause more defection in the army and recruit them in the group to protect civilians from the security forces loyal to the regime. In a Friends of Syria conference in Istanbul a week back, the international community offered millions of dollars to pay salaries to members of Free Syrian Army and encourage more defections. There is a need to arm the rebels as the international community did in Libya to oust the dictator.