United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has expressed deep concerns over escalating violence in Syria. The secretary general, in a recent statement, said it seemed that dictator Bashar al-Assad was using April 10 deadline for pulling troops from population centers as an excuse to carry on with the killings of innocent civilians. He strongly urged the despot to abide by his commitment made with UN-Arab League special envoy.
In the statement issued by the secretary general office, Ki-moon said the Syrian authority is answerable to the international community for its actions; therefore, they must adhere to the peace plan.
Special envoy Kofi Annan, after meeting with al-Assad last month, briefed the United Nations Security Council that the Syrian president had agreed to end violence in the country. The dictator committed he would withdraw troops from cities by April 10 to restore a sense of security in the country and that the withdrawal of troops would be followed by a dialogue between Syrian authorities and opposition to negotiate a power transition formula.
Tens of thousands of Syrians took to the streets against the dictator in March last year and demanded an end to his monarchic rule. People also demanded civil liberties and political reforms in the country, besides a democratic government that can look after their basic human rights. The uprising in Syria was inspired by the popular protests in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, where also people pushed the dictators to abdicate. Ben Ali of Tunisia, Hosni Mubarak of Egypt and Col. Muammer al-Qaddafi of Libya all had to quit power owing to the mass protests against their rules, while Bashar al-Assad is still sticking to his position.
The Syrian dictator resorted to killing, abduction and torturing the people who demanded an end to his monarchy. According to the United Nations statistics, security forces loyal to the regime have killed more than 9,000 innocent civilians including women and children so far. Intriguingly, the dictator has done all these crime with complete impunity and the international community has just been limited to condemnation of the brutalities. If we look for reasons behind his prolonged rule, we come to the conclusion that it's his strategy of divide and rule that is the biggest reason.
The dictator urged his supporters to hold protests in his favor when tens of thousands of people were protesting against him. He also divided the international community over action against his regime by playing different tactics. Russia and China, three weeks back, vetoed a resolution in the United Nations Security Council moved against the dictator and observers say it further emboldened him to carry on with his brutalities. Another, related reason behind the prolonged rule of the dictator could be the disorganized Syrian opposition.
Despite funds and support from the international community, the Syrian National Council has failed in bringing all the opposition factions under one flag.