AFP reports West African countries have introduced April 2 economic sanctions against Mali, demanding that the military junta came to power in a coup, to resign, . This was announced by the President of Côte d'Ivoire, Alassane Ouattara, on behalf of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Leaders of 15 countries that are members of the community, have closed their borders to trade with Mali and frozen by the country's Central Bank of West African States in Dakar. In addition, the military forces of ECOWAS are in a state of readiness. During the week, leaders of the West African countries have to decide where they will be deployed.
According to Ouattara, diplomatic, economic and other measures will be applied against the military junta, while in Mali, will not be restored constitutional order. It is expected that the sanctions severely hit by the new government as the country depends on imported fuel and raw materials. In addition, Mali is part of a regional monetary union and can not long live without access to the account at the Central Bank of West African countries. In the end, foreign currency reserves in the country will run out quickly, and the military junta will not be able to pay the salaries of civil servants.
The military junta came to power in the March 22 coup, overthrowing President Amadou Toure and revoking the constitution in 1992. The military accused the government of failing to deal with Tuareg rebels, who in January 2012 began to actively capture the northern territories. In the end the political crisis played into the hands of Tuareg, who had by April 1, take the key cities of the region Azavad, independence, and which they sought, and announced the creation of a new state.
The military junta under pressure from ECOWAS promised to restore the constitution and hold democratic elections for parliament and the presidency, but it did not help her to avoid sanctions.