The regime of Bashar al-Assad has claimed victory , hours before starting this Sunday in Istanbul, the second major conference of the Friends of Syria, consisting of some 70 countries working to pressure the Syrian dictator to leave power. Damascus has announced that the army will not withdraw until they give security assurances. And yesterday again bombed the cities of Homs and Deraa.
How many more deaths will be necessary for the exiled opposition to the Assad regime close ranks? The question is asked every day all those who, from the U.S. to the Gulf countries, through the European Union, support it.
The Syrian opposition should stop "tearing" and its members to "confront each other", he observed, with unusual frankness, the French foreign minister, Alain Juppe, in a recent interview with the newspaper Le Monde. "We do everything to try to gather them around the Syrian National Council (CNS) and convince them to be more open, which accommodate Alawites, Christians." "Do not just do it."
Hours before the meeting in Istanbul should give the Friends of Syria, determined to promote a transition, the opposition appeared more divided than ever. This segmentation of the opponents of the Assad desperate to local committees that guide the fight on the ground, slows the breakdown of the regime and, ultimately, difficult to find a way out.
So Makdessi Jihad, spokesman for the Syrian diplomacy, went on Friday night on TV to send a message to those attending the meeting in Istanbul: "The battle to overthrow the state in Syria is finished once and for all and starts another battle, that of consolidation, stability and construction of a new Syria. "
Makdessi announced that the army will come out of the suburbs when they are "restored security and civil peace." Yesterday, the regime bombarded the rebel strongholds of Homs and Deraa. And violates the conditions set by the emissary of the UN, , who first stated that it was for the Army to withdraw from the cities and end the violence.
A year after the rebellion began and more than 9,000 dead, mostly civilians, according to the UN, the fragmentation of the Syrian opposition is striking compared, for example, the unit achieved in a short time, the military and civilian who revolted against Libya Muammar Gaddafi. Libya is a country more homogeneous and had few exiles.
Perhaps the variety of political views is due to the complexity of Syria, a mosaic of religions and ethnic groups in which, however, the Alawite minority, which belongs to the Assad controls the elite units of the army and security apparatus .
Founded in October and lay scholars led by Syrians settled in Paris for decades, the CNS includes the majority of the opposition. Since the last meeting of the Friends of Syria, held in Tunisia in February, is the privileged interlocutor of the international community.Some powers, such as Libya, even consider him as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people.
Burhan Ghalioun, president of CNS, today announced the Friends of Syria that will reform its operation, which is preparing to raise money to arm the opposition and, finally, to propose to its members to commit to building a democratic state and promoting reconciliation. Just yesterday the Saudi Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal said in the presence of the Secretary of U.S. State, Hillary Clinton, to arm the opposition is "an obligation".
Over the past month, the CNS has been a constant bleeding. Some members have left most prestigious individual as Catherine the Telli and Kamal al Labouani.This former political prisoner justified his resignation because after "stupid liberals" hide "fanatics" financed by Gulf countries. He was referring to the Muslim Brotherhood.
Even more serious was the resignation of the famous octogenarian Haitham al-Maleh, a judge and lawyer who has spent years in prison in Damascus until he went into exile last summer. He criticized management "autocratic" of Ghalioun, professor of sociology who heads the CNS. Probably consider more charisma he brings to preside. Besides the accredited opponents, five small groups of various ideologies were split last week from the CNS to form his own coalition. Grouped within the Free Syrian Army, the military deserters act on their own without coordinating with the direction of the CNS.
"While the Syrians suffered a bloody repression, some opposition figures selfish attempt to boost their political profiles," denounced the exiled political scientist Kawakibi Salam, akin to the CNS. "It's unfortunate."
Bassma Kodmani, CNS spokeswoman, says the international community helps to accentuate the differences. "We constantly ask," complains, "we we expand, we integrate more people to be more representative of ethnic and religious minorities, but then surprised that they claim do not have a coherent discourse" about the future of Syria.