Polling stations opened Sunday, April 1st in Burma for the historic elections that should allow opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi to enter parliament after fifteen years under house arrest. Polling began on schedule at 6 am (1 pm Saturday in Paris 30) in the capital Rangoon. The offices are close to 16 hours.
National League for Democracy (NLD) party of Aung San Suu Kyi on Sunday denounced irregularities in the polling stations. "This is the case throughout the country, the electoral commission is responsible for what happens," said , spokesperson of the NLD. "The main complaint is about the wax on the ballot next to the candidate of the NLD," he added, suggesting that the wax could be removed and then canceled the vote as well.
The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991, considered two years ago even as public enemy number one by the junta then in power, is heavily favored to Kawhmu, a rural area two hours from Rangoon where she faces the verdict the polls for the first time in his life.A total of 45 seats at stake in the country, including 44 contested by the NLD of Aung San Suu Kyi: 37 in the lower house of parliament, six in the upper house and two in regional chambers.
The government, composed of former military reformers came to power a year ago, trying to prove that political reforms are sincere and can justify the lifting of Western sanctions that are strangling the economy. After a process of transition and non-violent under army control, this new team proposed to Aung San Suu Kyi to integrate the political official. According to all analysts, the government itself has an interest in seeing the opponent triumph under the gaze of the international community
Aung San Suu Kyi has denounced a campaign full of irregularities. But she also claimed the need to participate - thus legitimizing - the ongoing process to change things from within. "Once in parliament, we can work for true democracy," she justified Friday.Having ended his travels there a few days after minor health problems, the opponent has left her home in Yangon Saturday to join Kawhmu.
"I have a lot of concerns. We must wait and see how it goes," admitted Nyan Win, spokesperson of the NLD, no further details. Suu Kyi "looks good", he has been specified. "She's tired but there is no reason to worry" on this point.
After years of hiding their support for a woman who became an icon of resistance to the junta, left his followers in recent weeks their joy. The song "Our mother is back" has become a campaign tube. And sidewalks, residents were visibly happy to finally be able to freely express their support.
OPPORTUNITY "FAILED", 1990
Aung San Suu Kyi had triumphed in the 1990 elections, and the junta did not recognize the results. She was under house arrest twenty years later, in November 2010, when legislative boycotted by the NLD and qualified masquerade by the West. "The electoral process of 2010 .,represented a missed opportunity .
This should not happen again while Burma is entering a new era and more open," he said in a statement the Special Envoy UN on human rights in Burma, Tomas Ojea.
NLD is a victory in the 44 constituencies where it occurs. But if the charisma and experience of its leader seem unshakable, some of his other candidates are strongly opposed to locally based leaders, particularly in ethnic areas of the country's borders.
Whatever the results, the power for its part has nothing to fear from these elections. The Solidarity Party and the Union's development (USDP), created from scratch by the former junta, had claimed about 80% of the seats in 2010. And one quarter of parliamentarians are, under the Constitution, of active military personnel designated on the sidelines of the electoral process.