After 42 years of dictatorial rule, Libya's former leader Muammar Qaddafi was killed on Thursday after National Transitional Council fighters captured his hometown of Sirte, which was also his last crucial stronghold, two months after his regime was brought down. Qaddafi, who was 69, is the first leader to have been killed from the nations of the Arab Spring, a regional uprising which has seen people from Tunisia, Egypt, Syria and Yemen rise up and demand an end to their decades long rule. Born in 1942 to nomadic parents, Qaddafi dropped out of Benghazi University to join the army. He made his first politically significant stance in September 1969 as the leader of junior army officers that saw the overthrowing of King Idriss in a military coup. Idriss was ruler of Libya since it gained independence from Italy in 1951. Drawing upon Arab nationalism, Qaddafi decided to cut ties with Western powers in favor of unifying Arab nations. However, his attempts, like the initiation of the Arab Federation with Egypt and Syria in April 1972, proved unsuccessful. He also organized opposition against the 1978 Camp David peace agreement between Egypt and Israel. His relationship with the West continued to dwindle into the early 1980s especially with the United States. He was accused of sending agents to bomb a club in Berlin popular amongst American marines, which consequentially resulted in US air strikes aimed at Benghazi and Tripoli. His home in Aziziya was struck and his adopted <b>...</b>
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