The leaders of 53 nations meeting in the Nuclear Safety Summit in Seoul today launched at the end of the meeting, calls for improved nuclear security to prevent the risk of nuclear terrorism. The final summit statement urged the international community to minimize the use of highly enriched uranium-grade material to build atomic bombs and to take measures for their safe operation. The text agreed, however, does not include specific measures or commitments binding draft.
During the Seoul meeting, U.S. President Barack Obama, said that although progress has been made in recent years, the risk of material with immense destructive potential end into the wrong hands remains real. Obama-promoter of the first nuclear security summit, held in Washington in 2010 - deemed it necessary to take further actions and initiatives to implement security hundreds of civilian and military nuclear facilities spread over dozens of countries around the world.
In the final communiqué, the leaders also urged adherence to multilateral instruments related to nuclear security and stressed the "centrality" of the International Atomic Energy
The statement, thirteen points, further emphasizes the relationship between nuclear plant safety and the prevention of nuclear and plasma crimes commitment by 53 countries to enhance security for transporting nuclear materials and radioactive and combating illegal.
The leaders stressed that a "fundamental responsibility of States" to maintain effective security of its nuclear material and nuclear facilities under their control, and prevent materials, information or nuclear technology falling into the hands of groups hostile.
To this end, they urged creation of a "global nuclear security architecture" with the accession of as many countries as possible to international agreements and conventions relating to the protection of nuclear materials.
The group calls for promoting the use of low-enriched uranium isotope instead of the higher grade, which would entail retrofitting "in cases where technically and economically viable" reactors that use the most dangerous type of uranium.
Moreover, the leaders stressed the importance of ensuring the protection of vulnerable materials during transport and combat illegal trafficking.
The statement of Seoul, now shut the Nuclear Safety Summit II held in the South Korean capital, also set a date and place of the next event to be held in 2014 in Holland.